From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Al-Qaeda, or pages that link to Al-Qaeda or to this page or whose text .
- 1 Parent topics
- 2 Subtopics
- 2.1 Active or at large
- 2.2 U.S. Prisoners
- 2.3 Former members
- 2.4 Otherwise in legal proceedings/detention
- 2.5 Cooperating with U.S.
- 2.6 Dead
- 2.7 Unknown status
- 2.8 Allies
- 2.9 Persons influencing the organization
- 2.10 Techniques
- 2.11 Operations
- 2.12 Analysts
- 3 Other related topics
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Insurgency : A wide range of political and military actions intended to change a government, through means considered illegal by that government.
- Jihad : Literally meaning "struggle", a Muslim concept that can refer to an inward-directed personal process to submit to God's will, or to an external combat with the enemies of Islam
- Salafism : A strict branch of Sunni Islam, dedicated to the restoration of the Caliphate, often by means of armed jihad
- Terrorism : An act, with targets including civilians or civilian infrastructure, intended to create an atmosphere of fear in order to obtain a political objective.
- Wahhabism : A socially conservative branch of Sunni Islam, strongest in the House of Saud, which rules Saudi Arabia
Active or at large
- Osama bin Laden : Radical jihadist who, with Ayman al-Zawahiri, founded a group known as al-Qaeda, which is credited with a series of terrorist attacks.
- Ayman al-Zawahiri : Generally considered the #2 leader of al-Qaeda, an Egyptian physician who was mentored, in a faction of the Muslim Brotherhood, by Sayyid Qutb
- Adam Gadahn : American-born al-Qaeda spokesman and propagandist, believed at large in Pakistan with the al-Qaeda core leadership group
- Sulaiman Abu Ghaith : al-Qaeda spokesman and fundraiser, thought to be in Iran; took responsibility for 2002 bombing of Tunisian synagogue in a video on al-Jazeera
- Khalid Sheikh Mohammed : Described by the U.S. and by his own proud statement, the operational planner, for al-Qaeda, of the 9-11 attack; a U.S. High Value Detainee to be tried in a civilian criminal court in U.S. v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, et al. }}
- Ramzi Yousef : A participant in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, now serving life without parole in a U.S. prison; the nephew of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and involved in what, at the time, was an informal worldwide network of jihadists
- Ramzi Binalshibh : The primary staff assistant to Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, communications intermediary with the 9-11 hijackers and involved in other planning; currently a High Value Detainee at Guantanamo Bay detention camp; defendant in U.S. v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, et al.
- Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri : Add brief definition or description
- Mustafa Ahmad al-Hawsawi : An al-Qaeda financial specialist, currently a High Value Detainee of the U.S., who has been charged by a Military Commission with facilitating the funding of the 9-11 attack; defendant in U.S. v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, et al.
- Majid Khan : Add brief definition or description
- Ammar al-Baluchi : A suspected al-Qaeda operations officer and High Value Detainee at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp
- Khallad : A Yemeni from a family associated with al-Qaeda, currently a High Value Detainee to be moved from Guantanamo Bay detention Camp to trial in U.S. v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, et al.; associated with the USS Cole bombing
- Zubair : A member of Jemaah Islamiya (JI), who is a High Value Detainee in Guantanamo Bay detention camp
- Gouled Hassan Dourad : Add brief definition or description
- Haytham al-Kini : Add brief definition or description
- Abu Faraj : Add brief definition or description
- Abu Musab al-Suri : A theoretician, associated with the design of the current al-Qaeda cell system, of Syrian ancestry, in al-Qaeda and Syrian Jamaat e Jihal al Suri; identified by Jamal al-Fadl; may be in unacknowledged U.S. or Syrian custody and has been indicted by Spain
- Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab : Nigerian citizen, apparently radicalized by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula during a stay in Yemen, who attempted a suicide bombing while a passenger on Northwest Airlines Flight 253, Amsterdam to Detroit, on 25 December 2009
- Lillie : A Malaysian associated with al-Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiya, who is currently a High Value Detainee held at Guantanamo Bay detention camp
- Hambali : An Indonesian described as the operations chief for Jemaah Islamiya and the liaison to al-Qaeda, a High Value Detainee in Guantanamo Bay detention camp
- Abdullah Anas : Son-in-law of Abdullah Azzam; had been on Algerian Islamic Salvation Front until 1966; believed to be living in London
- Khalid al-Hubayshi : A former al-Qaeda member, released by the U.S. in 2006 after being captured by Pakistan at Tora Bora
Otherwise in legal proceedings/detention
- Sayf al Adel : Former al-Qaeda military commander; probably in house arrest in Iran
- Khaled al Fawwaz : Accused al-Qaeda member who ran its public information service in London, is under indictment in the 1998 bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa, and is contesting extradition from the U.K.
Cooperating with U.S.
- L'Houssaine Kherchtou : Former pilot for Osama bin Laden, who left al-Qaeda, gave significant information to the U.S., and is in the U.S. Witness Protection Program
- Jamal al-Fadl : An early (1988) associate of Osama bin Laden, who walked into a U.S. Embassy in 1996, offered his services, and testified at a 2001 trial for the 1998 bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa
- Mohamedou Ould Slahi : Mauritanian citizen held in Guantanamo Bay detention camp in privileged conditions as an informer; fought in Afghanistan War (1978-92) and swore allegiance to Osama bin Laden; associated with individuals involved in the Millennium Plot and the Hamburg Cell of 9-11 Attack operatives; 2010 court order for his release is under evaluation
- Tariq al-Sawah : Add brief definition or description
- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi : Killed in an airstrike in 2006, the head of al-Qaeda in Iraq, who had previously run a separate organization
- Abu Ubaida al Banjshiri : Add brief definition or description
- Muhammad Atef : Al-Qaeda military commander, killed by an air strike in Afghanistan in 2001
- Ahmed Said al-Khadr : An Egyptian-Canadian al-Qaeda member, involved in finance and logistics, who may or may not have been killed in 2003
- Fazul Abdullah Mohammed : Head of al-Qaeda operations in East Africa; might have been killed in 2007 but may be alive; indicted in 1998 bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa; if alive, may be working with al-Shabaab in Somalia.
- Abu Yahya al-Libi : An Islamic cleric who is a spokesman, theologian and propagandist for al-Qaeda, possibly killed in December 2009
- Jemaah Islamiya : A jihadist group in Southeast Asia, affiliated with al-Qaeda in the common goal of establishing a caliphate
Afghanistan and Pakistan
- Sirajuddin Haqqani : Current leader of the Haqqani Network in Afghanistan and Pakistan; a Pashtun of the Zadran tribe and son of Jalaluddin Haqqani; commands Miramshah Regional Military Shura and is the Taliban shadow governor of Paktika, Paktia and Khost Provinces
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
- Nasser al-Wahishi : A Yemeni, believed to head Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, who escaped from a prison, in the capital of Yemen, in 2006
- Abdul Majid al-Zindani : Yemenite cleric linked to al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and Ansar al-Islam
- Anwar al-Aulaqi : American-born radical Islamic cleric, later resident in Yemen, who was associated with al-Qaeda and Hamas, Nidal Hasan and possibly Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (1971-2011).
- Al-Shabaab (insurgency) : An Islamist group in Somalia, accused of having generic terrorism and specific al-Qaeda affiliations
Persons influencing the organization
- Abdullah Azzam : A Salafist legal scholar and jihadist, who formed the Services Office supporting the Afghanistan War (1978-92) with Osama bin Laden, one of the organizations that formed al-Qaeda
- Sayyid Qutb : Born in 1906, radicalized in 1951, and executed in 1966, an influential theorist of Salafist revolutionary Islam; considered one of the two spiritual fathers of al-Qaeda and the mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Gulbuddin Hekmatyar : Afghan radical jihadist leader, not affiliated with the Taliban, at large in Afghanistan or Pakistan
- Hassan al-Turabi : A Sudanese political and Islamist leader, whose status has ranged from national leader to political prisoner, and has been affiliated with Islamist movements worldwide, often changing affiliation
- Clandestine cell system : A method for organizing a group in such a way that it can more effectively resist penetration by an opposing organization.
- Informal value transfer system : Culturally-specific system of transferring money or other value through trusted intermediaries outside the banking system, and thus hidden from many techniques of financial intelligence collection
- Encyclopedia of Jihad : Add brief definition or description
- Manchester manual : Add brief definition or description
- 1998 bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa : Vehicle-borne suicide bomb attacks, conducted by al-Qaeda approximately nine minutes apart, on U.S. Embassies and civilian buildings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya on August 7, 1998
- USS Cole (DDG-67) : A U.S. Navy destroyer of the Burke-class, which survived an al-Qaeda suicide attack in 2000, by an explosive-filled boat in Aden, Yemen; she is back on duty after losing 17 sailors and undergoing lengthy repairs
- Ahmed Shah Massoud : Military leader of the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan; assassinated by al-Qaeda on 9 September 2001.
- Millennium Plot : Add brief definition or description
- 9-11 Attack : The largest terrorist attack on the continental United States, occurring on September 11, 2001, using hijacked airliners as suicide weapons against major buildings.
- 2002 bombing of Tunisian synagogue : An attack carried out for which al-Qaeda spokesman Sulaiman Abu Ghaith claimed responsibility, killing 14 Germans, a French citizen, and 4 Tunisians, involving a fuel tanker truck exploded outside a synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia; announced reason was revenge for actions against Palestinians
- Northwest Airlines Flight 253 : Scheduled flight between Amsterdam and Detroit, target of an attempted suicide bombing, on 25 December 2009, by Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
- Peter Bergen : Senior Research Fellow, American Strategy Program and Co-Director, Counterterrorism Strategy Initiative, New America Foundation; CNN's national security analyst and fellow at Center on Law & Security, New York University; adjunct professor, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
- Jarret Brachman : Specialist in radical Islam and specifically al-Qaeda; faculty at North Dakota State University; former Director of Research, Combating Terrorism Center
- Brian Drinkwine : Colonel, United States Army, currently commanding a brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division in Afghanistan; author of a major study on al-Qaeda
- Michael Scheuer : Former head of the Osama bin Laden/al-Qaeda unit in the Counterterrorism Center of the Central Intelligence Agency; critical of U.S. policies but with insightful analysis on what he sees as a complex enemy; contributor to AntiWar.com
- Afghanistan War (1978-92) : A civil war in Afghanistan that matched the Soviet Union and its Afghan allies against a coalition of anti-Communist groups called the mujahideen, supported from the outside by the United States, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.
- Afghanistan War (2001-) : Beginning on October 7, 2001, in response to the 9-11 attacks, military operations against the Taliban and al-Qaeda by United States and NATO forces
- Caliphate : An Islamic form of government in which one person acts as head of state, head of government and head of religion; also the jurisdiction of such a government.
- Far enemy : A term of art in radical Islam, it refers to non-Muslim nations considered enemies of Islam; the United States is usually considered first, then Western countries, then non-Muslim non-Muslim countries; Israel is be included in the group, which Osama bin Laden calls the "Crusader-Zionist alliance"
- Muslim Brotherhood : An Islamic political group, formed in Egypt and increasingly part of the political system there, which has worldwide branches; it may be moving from a Salafist ideology to a more mulilateral one
- Near enemy : A radical Islamist term of art referring to ostensibly Muslim regimes that are corrupt, do not run by strict Sharia, or both; Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia are often given as examples }
- Taliban : Salafist Islamic militia, governing Afghanistan 1996–2001; still fighting in Pakistan and Afghanistan.