African National Congress

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The ANC flag, adopted in 1925. The black, green, and gold bars represent the African people, the fertility of the land, and the mineral wealth beneath its soil.

The African National Congress (ANC) is a major political party in South Africa. It has been the governing party since 1994, when South Africa held its first nationwide multiracial election. Prior to its reconstitution as a political party during the 1990s, it was a leading social movement organization of the the antiapartheid movement.



The ANC was founded in Bloemfontein in 1912.

Pre-apartheid activism

Early antiapartheid activism (1948-1960)

Banning and underground antiapartheid activism (1960-1990)


Election performance