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  • #REDIRECT [[brainstem]]
    23 B (2 words) - 03:34, 9 February 2009
  • A nucleus of neurons in the caudal brainstem; it transmits information from stretch- and chemoreceptors of the cardiovas
    238 B (32 words) - 16:47, 14 November 2010
  • {{r|Brainstem}}
    927 B (146 words) - 10:46, 11 June 2009
  • | pagename = Brainstem | abc = Brainstem
    2 KB (230 words) - 17:17, 27 January 2009
  • ...natomy]], the '''red nucleus''' is in the [[mesencephalon]] of the upper [[brainstem]] and is a "pinkish-yellow portion of the midbrain situated in the rostral
    527 B (71 words) - 07:54, 7 October 2013
  • ...condition is usually caused by lesions which occur in the region of the [[brainstem]] that lies between the [[red nucleus|red nuclei]] and the [[vestibular nuc
    1 KB (194 words) - 10:50, 6 October 2010
  • ...halon''', also called the '''midbrain''', is the superior section of the [[brainstem]] and is "the middle of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryo
    713 B (91 words) - 07:40, 11 June 2009
  • In [[neuroanatomy]], the '''brainstem''' is the "part of the [[brain]] that connects the cerebral hemispheres wit
    701 B (82 words) - 17:17, 27 January 2009
  • ...[[brainstem]] and [[spinal cord]]. The oxytocin cells that project to the brainstem are involved in gastric reflexes, those that project to the spinal cord are ...to many areas of the hypothalamus and [[limbic system]], as well as to the brainstem and spinal cord. These neurons are involved in blood pressure regulation an
    5 KB (693 words) - 18:00, 6 January 2011
  • {{r|Brainstem}}
    669 B (75 words) - 00:29, 1 March 2011
  • ...leus of the solitary tract) is an aggregation of [[neuron]]s in the caudal brainstem of the mammalian brain. It transmits information from stretch- and chemorec ...medial nucleus]]. <ref>Browning KN, Travagli RA (2011) Plasticity of vagal brainstem circuits in the control of gastrointestinal function ''Auton Neurosci'' 161
    3 KB (380 words) - 08:51, 13 September 2011
  • ...ose. Infants are born with intact [[spinal cord]]s, [[cerebellum]]s, and [[brainstems]], but lack formation of neural structures above this level.<ref name=MeSH
    1 KB (159 words) - 20:49, 13 December 2008
  • ...>Johnstone LE ''et al.'' (2006)Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats ''Cell Metab'' 2006 4:313-21. PMID 17011504</ref> *''POMC neurons that project to the brainstem
    9 KB (1,503 words) - 13:56, 3 December 2010
  • ...terior cingulate cortex|anterior cingulate]] as well as [[midbrain]] and [[brainstem]] ([[pons]]), regardless of subjects' [[age (biology)|age]] or [[gender]].
    1 KB (144 words) - 10:55, 9 April 2010
  • * brainstem reflexes
    1 KB (214 words) - 10:47, 6 October 2010
  • File:Chordoma.PNG
    ...ows where the tumor growth is beginning to compress the pons region of the brainstem.
    (639 × 639 (348 KB)) - 20:32, 14 May 2010
  • ...ed with many parts of the [[central nervous system]], including the caudal brainstem, the limbic forebrain and the [[olfactory bulb]]s. ...and the information is carried mainly by spinal pathways that relay in the brainstem. Stimulation of the nipples stimulates release of oxytocin and [[prolactin]
    16 KB (2,283 words) - 14:06, 15 March 2011
  • | title = Brainstem Timing Deficits in Children with Learning Impairment May Result from Cortic
    2 KB (176 words) - 03:16, 20 October 2008
  • ...ntaining neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. [[Lewy body|Lewy bodies]] are present in the [[substantia nigra]] and [[lo
    2 KB (281 words) - 17:07, 2 October 2013
  • | title = Brainstem Timing Deficits in Children with Learning Impairment May Result from Cortic | title = Developmental Plasticity in the Human Auditory Brainstem
    6 KB (686 words) - 13:21, 15 January 2010
  • Some other inputs come from the brainstem, including from some of the noradrenergic neurons of the [[nucleus of the s ...s. Other afferent neurotransmitters include noradrenaline (from the caudal brainstem), [[dopamine]], [[serotonin]], [[histamine]] and [[acetylcholine]].
    14 KB (1,974 words) - 20:49, 13 April 2019
  • | title = Brainstem Timing Deficits in Children with Learning Impairment May Result from Cortic | title = Developmental Plasticity in the Human Auditory Brainstem
    7 KB (816 words) - 13:21, 15 January 2010
  • ..., [[brain ventricle|ventricular]] enlargement, and [[hypoplasia]] of the [[brainstem]] and [[cerebellum]] ([[CZ:Ref:Pabuşçu 2002 Walker–Warburg syndrome var
    2 KB (258 words) - 13:19, 28 July 2010
  • ...], and the innermost [[pia mater]]; these are continuous with those in the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres, with cerebrospinal fluid found in the [[subarachn
    9 KB (1,520 words) - 01:36, 21 November 2010
  • ...[[hypothalamus]] and the [[nucleus tractus solitarii]] (NTS) of the caudal brainstem, and products of POMC are important in appetite regulation. POMC was first ...tivation of orexigenic pathways. The negative feedback is strongest in the brainstem region where it is thought to regulate meal size and [[thermogenesis]].
    10 KB (1,388 words) - 15:34, 24 July 2011
  • ...ing; that these circuits are controlled by specific locomotor areas in the brainstem and midbrain; and that these areas in turn are controlled by higher brain s ...more extensive. There are two large descending pathways, traveling to the brainstem and spinal cord, and numerous ascending projections to a variety of sensory
    30 KB (4,433 words) - 11:32, 7 April 2014
  • ...king by the infant at the nipple is relayed by spinal nerves to the caudal brainstem, and from there to the hypothalamus. The stimulation causes oxytocin neuron ...l hypothalamus]], [[olfactory bulb]], [[septum]] and areas of the caudal [[brainstem]] including the [[Nucleus tractus solitarii|nucleus of the solitary tract]]
    24 KB (3,373 words) - 13:28, 15 March 2016
  • ...king by the infant at the nipple is relayed by spinal nerves to the caudal brainstem, and from there to the hypothalamus. The stimulation causes oxytocin neuron ...l hypothalamus]], [[olfactory bulb]], [[septum]] and areas of the caudal [[brainstem]] including the [[Nucleus tractus solitarii|nucleus of the solitary tract]]
    24 KB (3,416 words) - 15:14, 8 September 2013
  • ...e vagally-mediated signals reach the hypothalamus via nuclei in the caudal brainstem - notably the [[nucleus tractus solitarii]]. Noradrenergic neurons in this ...orexigenic factor ghrelin, and the neurons in the hypothalamus and caudal brainstem that synthesize the anorexigenic factors cholecystokinin, GLP-1 and oxyntom
    13 KB (1,944 words) - 15:25, 8 August 2011
  • ...PYY3–36 was found to modulate neuronal activity within hypothalamic and brainstem, and brain regions involved in reward processing. Several lines of evidence
    13 KB (1,840 words) - 11:29, 13 November 2009
  • ...omyelitis]], [[myasthenia gravis]], [[cerebellar degeneration]], limbic or brainstem encephalitis, [[neuromyotonia]], [[opsoclonus]], and sensory neuropathy." <
    3 KB (446 words) - 16:31, 24 August 2010
  • ...most common cranial location is in the clival region of the skull near the brainstem and the most common sacral lesion is in the body of the sacrum.<ref name="u
    4 KB (539 words) - 13:08, 17 May 2010
  • ...clei containing neurons projecting to preganglionic autonomic cells of the brainstem and spinal cord. The most rostral group of CART cells in the PVN are in the
    4 KB (567 words) - 17:46, 6 January 2011
  • | title = Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns
    3 KB (393 words) - 05:24, 18 July 2008
  • ...>Johnstone LE ''et al.'' (2006)Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats ''Cell Metab'' 2006 4:313-21. PMID 17011504</ref>
    4 KB (678 words) - 14:27, 1 December 2013
  • ...>Johnstone LE ''et al.'' (2006)Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats ''Cell Metab'' 2006 4:313-21. PMID 17011504</ref>
    4 KB (678 words) - 12:58, 7 August 2010
  • ...the figures - clear and thoughtful schematics. Remember to proofread!!! - brainstem not brainstorm (Freudian slip? :-)) [[User:Gareth Leng|Gareth Leng]] 10:41,
    4 KB (587 words) - 15:24, 1 December 2013
  • ...ses—with the neurons of the deep cerebellar and vestibular nuclei in the brainstem. Each Purkinje cell receives excitatory input from 100,000 to 200,000 paral ...from the [[Purkinje cells]] out to the [[vestibular nuclei]] in the dorsal brainstem located at the junction between the [[pons]] and [[medulla]].
    42 KB (5,883 words) - 15:54, 11 June 2009
  • ! Brainstem ...ects of musical training on brain development. Already at the level of the brainstem, evoked responses to sound are larger and more accurate in adult musicians
    20 KB (2,878 words) - 20:43, 9 November 2008
  • ...various parts of the [[olfactory system]]. [[Taste]] is routed through the brainstem and then to other portions of the [[gustatory system]]. ...cts to the spinal cord and then out to the muscle effectors. Nuclei in the brainstem control many involuntary muscle functions such as heart rate and breathing.
    25 KB (3,712 words) - 15:40, 28 September 2012
  • ...d only by subpopulations of neurones in the [[arcuate nucleus]] and caudal brainstem; dynorphin is expressed by many populations including the [[vasopressin]] c
    5 KB (799 words) - 13:37, 8 June 2009
  • ...cular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to [[Korsakoff's syndrome|Korsakoff s
    6 KB (741 words) - 05:29, 5 January 2008
  • ...matostatin neurons in the [[arcuate nucleus]], the [[hippocampus]] and the brainstem [[nucleus of the solitary tract]].
    6 KB (909 words) - 09:24, 24 February 2009
  • The [[hypothalamus]] and the caudal brainstem contain important centres which are responsible for monitoring blood glucos
    6 KB (916 words) - 09:11, 17 April 2013
  • The 10 out of the 12 [[cranial nerves]] originate from the [[brainstem]], and mainly control the functions of the anatomic structures of the head
    7 KB (1,058 words) - 16:57, 27 December 2007
  • ...tem]]'' also consists of the 12 [[cranial nerves]]. A stroke affecting the brainstem therefore can produce symptoms relating to deficits in these cranial nerves
    47 KB (6,884 words) - 15:30, 17 August 2009
  • ...brain. For example, [[serotonin]] is released specifically by cells in the brainstem, in an area called the raphe nuclei, but travels around the brain along the
    10 KB (1,308 words) - 17:23, 22 September 2008
  • | title = Developmental Plasticity in the Human Auditory Brainstem
    8 KB (969 words) - 12:22, 7 January 2010
  • ...volume (low pressure) receptors. These will affect key areas of the caudal brainstem and hypothalamus. There will be a swift and strong activation of the "stres ...that experiences it, it is, sadly, simply the interesting consequence of a brainstem desperately signalling an emergency in a very disorganised fashion to highe
    58 KB (9,395 words) - 15:02, 2 November 2011
  • ...al''. (2004) Cholecystokinin-mediated suppression of feeding involves the brainstem melanocortin system. ''Nature Neurosci'' 7(4):335-336 PMID 15034587.
    9 KB (1,121 words) - 18:51, 14 November 2010
  • {{rpr|Brainstem}}
    10 KB (1,293 words) - 01:05, 27 August 2010
  • ...f first drinking in particular brain regions such as the [[cerebellum]], [[brainstem]] or pons, and frontal regions.<ref name=twsMar14s>{{cite news
    11 KB (1,637 words) - 16:00, 17 March 2010
  • ...perature, pose an immediate threat and are processed quickly by the caudal brainstem.
    13 KB (2,018 words) - 15:16, 24 July 2011
  • ...o activates anorexigenic neurons in the [[arcuate nucleus]] via the caudal brainstem, thereby suppressing [[appetite]]. It also decreases gastric emptying, so a
    14 KB (2,125 words) - 15:33, 13 September 2011
  • ...] and [[neurodegenerative disease]]s that damage or destroy parts of the [[brainstem]] or the [[cerebellum]]. Other causes include the use of some drugs (such a
    15 KB (2,251 words) - 02:21, 16 December 2013
  • ...et al.'' (2008) Proteins activate satiety-related neuronal pathways in the brainstem and hypothalamus of rats ''Am Soc Nutr'' 138:1172–8</ref>
    16 KB (2,469 words) - 15:23, 1 December 2013
  • ...m the left and right ear to the [[cochlear nucleus]] in each side of the [[brainstem]] and eventually, through several other 'relay stations', up to the part of
    19 KB (3,127 words) - 08:54, 20 July 2013
  • .... HOWEVER, the PVN also receives a projection from NPY cells of the caudal brainstem.
    18 KB (2,966 words) - 16:55, 25 November 2010
  • ...to recurring respiratory infections. Her electroencephalography, auditory brainstem response evaluation, and chromosomal analysis were relatively normal. A br
    22 KB (3,035 words) - 12:43, 23 April 2009
  • ...hich auditory information is conducted. One primary pathway goes via the [[brainstem]] (the cochlear nuclei, superior olive and inferior colliculus) and the [[t
    25 KB (3,720 words) - 13:50, 17 July 2012
  • ...the electrical activity of large nerve cells in the [[spinal cord]] and [[brainstem]], called [[motor neurons]] or motoneurons. These neurons have long axons (
    27 KB (4,081 words) - 03:30, 16 September 2013
  • ...icant reductions in BDV N mRNA for the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, lower brainstem, and cerebellum regions. Using an immunohistochemical analysis for OX-42 mo
    28 KB (4,083 words) - 08:50, 14 February 2010
  • (20) Lee BC. Hwang SH. Bae JC. Kwon SB. Brainstem infarction following Korean viper bite. [Case Reports. Journal Article] Neu
    36 KB (5,447 words) - 22:54, 14 November 2007
  • * brainstem reflexes
    48 KB (6,766 words) - 05:54, 21 October 2013
  • ...r programmes that are learned in the spinal cord and in the cerebellum and brainstem. This motor learning occurs when networks of neurones are trained to behave
    128 KB (21,520 words) - 08:26, 19 November 2011
  • ...In both instances, forebrain sites experience loss of synaptic input from brainstem regulatory nuclei. Third, functional ageing is attributed in part to lifeti
    243 KB (35,084 words) - 20:34, 23 May 2010