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  • ...othesis, which is ancient indeed, and hath been very generally received by philosophers, but of which I could find no solid proof. The hypothesis I mean, is, Th ...f philosophers, to admit a hypothesis, which, in my opinion, overturns all philosophy, all religion and virtue, and all common sense ..."
    7 KB (1,149 words) - 14:09, 16 February 2011
  • ...interpretation of experiments. He envisioned chemistry science as natural philosophy, and as a key to understand how nature operates, at the level of its simp ...automaton, his own words. He advocated a corpuscular view of nature and a philosophy based on Descartes' application of a mathematical and experimental approac
    13 KB (2,087 words) - 01:54, 20 May 2010
  • after truth, has a very long history, associated especially with [[philosophy]] and [[religion]]. While these terms used in many ways, it often means n ...ers ''par excellence''--and, not surprisingly, both were associated with [[skepticism]] and had some well-developed ideas about the possibility and conditions
    2 KB (344 words) - 04:38, 5 February 2009
  • |align="center" colspan="2" bgcolor="gold"|'''Philosopher''' | [[Philosophy of Mind]], [[Mathematics]], [[Cartesianism]], [[Rationalism]], [[Foundatio
    17 KB (2,634 words) - 23:36, 19 March 2010
  • ==Pseudoscience and the philosophy of science== ...what [[science]] is from what it is not is a fundamental problem of the [[philosophy of science]], known as the [[problem of demarcation]].
    39 KB (6,025 words) - 11:45, 10 October 2013
  • ...e Structure of Scientific Revolutions''' is an epoch-making book about the philosophy—and to a lesser extent the sociology—of [[Scientific method|science]] Kuhn's philosophy has a strong historical outlook, as illustrated by the following quotation
    16 KB (2,443 words) - 18:39, 25 January 2011
  • ...ent]]. Although in recent years interest in Hume's work has centred on his philosophical writing, it was as an historian that he first gained recognition and re ...ut Hume's criticism of religion prevented him from becoming a professor of philosophy in [[Edinburgh]] in 1744. His convictions also prevented him from advancem
    10 KB (1,706 words) - 17:50, 2 October 2013
  • A numerous and varied set of traditions have evolved from the first-century philosophy and teachings of Jesus Christ, as recorded in the [[New Testament]], rende ...and Gjesdal, Kristin, "''Hermeneutic''s",''' The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2009 Edition)''', Edward N. Zalta (ed.), [http://plato.stanford.ed
    32 KB (4,698 words) - 09:17, 26 October 2013
  • ...' (from the Latin ''Deus'', meaning [[God]]) is a [[Religion|religious]] [[philosophy]] and movement that became prominent in [[England]], [[France]], and the [ with the terms "theism" and "theist", respectively. ... Theologians and philosophers of the seventeenth century began to give a different signification to th
    59 KB (9,153 words) - 13:55, 10 October 2013
  • in their respective fields, and both men were initially met with strong skepticism and resistance to the inevitable conclusions that their discoveries led ...arliest observations were published by the Royal Society in its journal: [[Philosophical Transactions]]. Amongst these published observations were Van Leeuwenh
    13 KB (1,950 words) - 20:41, 15 November 2010
  • ...e first known culture to actively explore geography as a [[science]] and [[philosophy]]. While maps had been made millennia earlier in [[Sumer]], the Greeks wer [[Thales]] of Miletus is one of the first known philosophers to have wondered about the shape of the world. He proposed that the worl
    17 KB (2,565 words) - 11:36, 9 June 2009
  • should not be construed as definitive. It draws from fields including [[philosophy]] and [[psychology]] but also [[theater]] and [[business]] and [[computer * [[Baruch Spinoza|Spinoza]], a [[rationalism|rationalist]] philosopher from seventeenth century [[Europe]]. His [[book]] ''[[The Ethics (Spinoza
    84 KB (13,081 words) - 06:17, 8 October 2013
  • in terms of which to verify statements about science. In this sense the philosophy of science must be empirical and not merely tautological. The '''philosophy of science''' is the study of the assumptions, foundations, and implicatio
    31 KB (4,648 words) - 10:07, 26 October 2013
  • ...'' is an abstract, intellectual discourse–in Greek, φιλοσοφία ''philosophia'' means "love of wisdom"–that has attracted many of the brightest minds == What does ''philosophy'' mean? ==
    27 KB (4,247 words) - 17:40, 2 April 2011
  • ...''neo-positivism''') is a school of philosophy that combines [[Positivism (philosophy)|positivism]]—which states that the only authentic knowledge is scie ...m denied the soundness of [[metaphysics]] and large swathes of traditional philosophy, and affirmed that statements about metaphysics, religion and some claims
    30 KB (4,340 words) - 11:14, 18 October 2013
  • ==Early philosophical tradition== ..., astronomy and geometry in schools.<ref>''Protagoras'' (318d-f)</ref> The philosophers of Ancient Greece had begun the project of building knowledge from found
    22 KB (3,288 words) - 23:53, 9 July 2010
  • ...'' (May 18, 1891&ndash;September 14, 1970) was an influential [[Philosophy|philosopher]] who was active in central Europe before 1935 and in the [[United States ...ysics department said it was too philosophical, and [[Bruno Bauch]] of the philosophy department said it was pure physics. Carnap then wrote another thesis, und
    15 KB (2,247 words) - 23:07, 8 April 2014
  • ...e, Muhammad’s rule over Medina is viewed as the golden age of Islam. The philosopher [[Plato]] gives us a model for how Muhammad is viewed: as a just ruler. I ...ns, and they were then read by Muslims. The result was the birth of Arabic philosophy. Hundreds of words were borrowed from Persian and Syriac or coined in Arab
    75 KB (12,472 words) - 09:53, 19 February 2019
  • ...niversity of Michigan) | [ Google Books preview.]</ ...gnition early on for its important contribution to chemical understanding, skepticism persisted for many decades after its introduction, even in England.<ref
    26 KB (4,141 words) - 10:20, 16 October 2013
  • The '''subjective–objective dichotomy''', a longstanding [[Philosophy|philosophical]] topic, is concerned with the analysis of human experience, and of wha :<font face="Gill Sans MT">"There is a common philosophical conceive of the realm of belief and attitude as clearly d
    82 KB (12,424 words) - 20:58, 2 August 2016

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