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  • Some other inputs come from the brainstem, including from some of the noradrenergic neurons of the [[nucleus of the s ...s. Other afferent neurotransmitters include noradrenaline (from the caudal brainstem), [[dopamine]], [[serotonin]], [[histamine]] and [[acetylcholine]].
    14 KB (1,974 words) - 20:49, 13 April 2019
  • | title = Brainstem Timing Deficits in Children with Learning Impairment May Result from Cortic | title = Developmental Plasticity in the Human Auditory Brainstem
    7 KB (816 words) - 13:21, 15 January 2010
  • ..., [[brain ventricle|ventricular]] enlargement, and [[hypoplasia]] of the [[brainstem]] and [[cerebellum]] ([[CZ:Ref:Pabuşçu 2002 Walker–Warburg syndrome var
    2 KB (258 words) - 13:19, 28 July 2010
  • ...], and the innermost [[pia mater]]; these are continuous with those in the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres, with cerebrospinal fluid found in the [[subarachn
    9 KB (1,520 words) - 01:36, 21 November 2010
  • ...[[hypothalamus]] and the [[nucleus tractus solitarii]] (NTS) of the caudal brainstem, and products of POMC are important in appetite regulation. POMC was first ...tivation of orexigenic pathways. The negative feedback is strongest in the brainstem region where it is thought to regulate meal size and [[thermogenesis]].
    10 KB (1,388 words) - 15:34, 24 July 2011
  • ...ing; that these circuits are controlled by specific locomotor areas in the brainstem and midbrain; and that these areas in turn are controlled by higher brain s ...more extensive. There are two large descending pathways, traveling to the brainstem and spinal cord, and numerous ascending projections to a variety of sensory
    30 KB (4,433 words) - 11:32, 7 April 2014
  • ...king by the infant at the nipple is relayed by spinal nerves to the caudal brainstem, and from there to the hypothalamus. The stimulation causes oxytocin neuron ...l hypothalamus]], [[olfactory bulb]], [[septum]] and areas of the caudal [[brainstem]] including the [[Nucleus tractus solitarii|nucleus of the solitary tract]]
    24 KB (3,373 words) - 13:28, 15 March 2016
  • ...king by the infant at the nipple is relayed by spinal nerves to the caudal brainstem, and from there to the hypothalamus. The stimulation causes oxytocin neuron ...l hypothalamus]], [[olfactory bulb]], [[septum]] and areas of the caudal [[brainstem]] including the [[Nucleus tractus solitarii|nucleus of the solitary tract]]
    24 KB (3,416 words) - 15:14, 8 September 2013
  • ...e vagally-mediated signals reach the hypothalamus via nuclei in the caudal brainstem - notably the [[nucleus tractus solitarii]]. Noradrenergic neurons in this ...orexigenic factor ghrelin, and the neurons in the hypothalamus and caudal brainstem that synthesize the anorexigenic factors cholecystokinin, GLP-1 and oxyntom
    13 KB (1,944 words) - 15:25, 8 August 2011
  • ...PYY3–36 was found to modulate neuronal activity within hypothalamic and brainstem, and brain regions involved in reward processing. Several lines of evidence
    13 KB (1,840 words) - 11:29, 13 November 2009
  • ...omyelitis]], [[myasthenia gravis]], [[cerebellar degeneration]], limbic or brainstem encephalitis, [[neuromyotonia]], [[opsoclonus]], and sensory neuropathy." <
    3 KB (446 words) - 16:31, 24 August 2010
  • ...most common cranial location is in the clival region of the skull near the brainstem and the most common sacral lesion is in the body of the sacrum.<ref name="u
    4 KB (539 words) - 13:08, 17 May 2010
  • ...clei containing neurons projecting to preganglionic autonomic cells of the brainstem and spinal cord. The most rostral group of CART cells in the PVN are in the
    4 KB (567 words) - 17:46, 6 January 2011
  • | title = Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns
    3 KB (393 words) - 05:24, 18 July 2008
  • ...>Johnstone LE ''et al.'' (2006)Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats ''Cell Metab'' 2006 4:313-21. PMID 17011504</ref>
    4 KB (678 words) - 14:27, 1 December 2013
  • ...>Johnstone LE ''et al.'' (2006)Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats ''Cell Metab'' 2006 4:313-21. PMID 17011504</ref>
    4 KB (678 words) - 12:58, 7 August 2010
  • ...the figures - clear and thoughtful schematics. Remember to proofread!!! - brainstem not brainstorm (Freudian slip? :-)) [[User:Gareth Leng|Gareth Leng]] 10:41,
    4 KB (587 words) - 15:24, 1 December 2013
  • ...ses—with the neurons of the deep cerebellar and vestibular nuclei in the brainstem. Each Purkinje cell receives excitatory input from 100,000 to 200,000 paral ...from the [[Purkinje cells]] out to the [[vestibular nuclei]] in the dorsal brainstem located at the junction between the [[pons]] and [[medulla]].
    42 KB (5,883 words) - 15:54, 11 June 2009
  • ! Brainstem ...ects of musical training on brain development. Already at the level of the brainstem, evoked responses to sound are larger and more accurate in adult musicians
    20 KB (2,878 words) - 20:43, 9 November 2008
  • ...various parts of the [[olfactory system]]. [[Taste]] is routed through the brainstem and then to other portions of the [[gustatory system]]. ...cts to the spinal cord and then out to the muscle effectors. Nuclei in the brainstem control many involuntary muscle functions such as heart rate and breathing.
    25 KB (3,712 words) - 15:40, 28 September 2012

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