Oersted (unit)

From Citizendium
Revision as of 06:08, 17 February 2008 by Subpagination Bot (Talk | contribs) (Add {{subpages}} and remove any categories (details))

Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.

The oersted (abbreviated as Oe) is the unit of magnetic-field strength |H| in the cgs (centimetre-gram-second) system of physical units.

The unit is named after Hans Christian Oersted. It is defined as the strength of a magnetic field in vacuum: A unit magnetic pole in a field of one Oe experiences a mechanical force of one dyne ( = 10−5 newton) in the direction of the field. Note here that in the cgs system a unit magnetic pole repels a like pole at a distance of one centimetre with a force of one dyne. One oersted equals 1000/4π A/m   [ampere per meter, the SI unit for |H| ].

Before 1932 the oersted was known as the gauss, a name sometimes still applied, though now more properly used for the cgs unit of strength of magnetic induction |B|.