Modern art was the dominant stylistic period in the visual arts in the twentieth century. Although not itself a specific style, modern art (or modernism) encompasses a number of stylistic movements that followed a trend toward abstraction and away from narrative, romanticism, and academic art. The period is generally stated to begin with impressionism in the 1860s and extend to minimalism in the 1960s. Other important modernist styles include post-impressionism, cubism, surrealism, abstract expressionism, and pop art.
Major artists of the modernist period include Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, Auguste Rodin, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Marcel Duchamp, Willem De Kooning, Andy Warhol, and Donald Judd.