Difference between revisions of "General"

From Citizendium
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
(4 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{subpages}}
 
{{subpages}}
'''General''' is the highest military rank in most militaries; some, such as Israel, do not have this high a grade. It also may refer to the highest group of ranks (i.e., "general officer", sometimes interchanged with the naval term "flag officer").
+
'''General''' is the highest [[military rank]] in most militaries; some, such as Israel, do not have this high a grade. It also may refer to the highest group of ranks (i.e., '''general officer''', sometimes interchanged with the naval term '''flag officer''').
  
 
In the NATO designation system (STANAG 2116),<ref name=RankMaven>{{citation
 
In the NATO designation system (STANAG 2116),<ref name=RankMaven>{{citation
Line 6: Line 6:
 
  | id = NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2116
 
  | id = NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2116
 
  | year = 1992
 
  | year = 1992
  | url = http://rankmaven.tripod.com/NATO-92-RM.htm}}</ref> it is level OF-9, which is equivalent to the naval rank of '''admiral'''.  The next lower rank is  "[[lieutenant general]]". While some militaries have a higher grade of "field marshal" or "general of the army", they are no longer used in Western armies. In the U.S. system, however, it is one grade higher than NATO; a U.S. general is officer grade O-10, not O-9.
+
  | url = http://rankmaven.tripod.com/NATO-92-RM.htm}}</ref> it is level OF-9, which is equivalent to the naval rank of '''admiral'''.  The next lower rank is  "[[lieutenant general]]". While some militaries have a higher grade of "[[field marshal]]" or "[[general of the army]]", they are usually wartime only. In the U.S. system, however, it is one grade higher than NATO; a U.S. general is officer grade O-10, not O-9.
  
In modern militaries, typical command assignments at this level would be a [[Military formation (ground)#army|field army (i.e., not a ground component commander) or higher]] unit, or a very high level of staff responsibilities, including being the senior officer of a service or [[Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff]] (or national equivalent) The commanders of U.S. [[Unified Combatant Command]]s are generals or admirals. Typical modern assignments for a general not commanding operational fores include, in the U.S., the [[Director of National Intelligence]], a major support or training/readiness organization such as the [[Air Combat Command]], or [[Army Chief of Staff]].  
+
In modern militaries, typical command assignments at this level would be a [[Military formation (ground)#army|field army (i.e., not a ground component commander) or higher]] unit, or a very high level of staff responsibilities, including being the senior officer of a service or [[Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff]] (or national equivalent) The commanders of U.S. [[Unified Combatant Command]]s are generals or admirals. Typical modern assignments for a general not commanding operational fores include, in the U.S., the [[Director of National Intelligence]], a major support or training/readiness organization such as the [[Air Combat Command]], or [[Army Materiel Command]].  
  
 
While there are national differences, there are usually four grades of general officer, possibly with a higher rank given rarely and only in wartime.
 
While there are national differences, there are usually four grades of general officer, possibly with a higher rank given rarely and only in wartime.
Line 18: Line 18:
  
 
==Insignia==
 
==Insignia==
Many countries follow U.S. or British usages. In the U.S. military, which does have a brigadier general rank, lieutenant generals wear four stars.
+
Many countries follow U.S. or British usages. In the U.S. military, which does have a brigadier general rank, full generals wear four stars.
  
 
The British and widespread Commonwealth usage has a crown, a star and a pair of crossed swords.
 
The British and widespread Commonwealth usage has a crown, a star and a pair of crossed swords.
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}

Latest revision as of 00:11, 7 June 2009

This article is developed but not approved.
Main Article
Discussion
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable, developed Main Article is subject to a disclaimer.

General is the highest military rank in most militaries; some, such as Israel, do not have this high a grade. It also may refer to the highest group of ranks (i.e., general officer, sometimes interchanged with the naval term flag officer).

In the NATO designation system (STANAG 2116),[1] it is level OF-9, which is equivalent to the naval rank of admiral. The next lower rank is "lieutenant general". While some militaries have a higher grade of "field marshal" or "general of the army", they are usually wartime only. In the U.S. system, however, it is one grade higher than NATO; a U.S. general is officer grade O-10, not O-9.

In modern militaries, typical command assignments at this level would be a field army (i.e., not a ground component commander) or higher unit, or a very high level of staff responsibilities, including being the senior officer of a service or Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (or national equivalent) The commanders of U.S. Unified Combatant Commands are generals or admirals. Typical modern assignments for a general not commanding operational fores include, in the U.S., the Director of National Intelligence, a major support or training/readiness organization such as the Air Combat Command, or Army Materiel Command.

While there are national differences, there are usually four grades of general officer, possibly with a higher rank given rarely and only in wartime.

  • Marshal, General of the Army, Marshal of the Royal Air Force; rarely used
  • General
  • Lieutenant general (sometimes colonel general in militaries that do not have the brigadier general grade)
  • Major general
  • Brigadier general (or brigadier; the "brigadier" title tends to be a Commonwealth term used for the highest rank of the next lower class of "field-grade officers" and not a term for a general officer)

Insignia

Many countries follow U.S. or British usages. In the U.S. military, which does have a brigadier general rank, full generals wear four stars.

The British and widespread Commonwealth usage has a crown, a star and a pair of crossed swords.

References

  1. NATO codes for grades of military personnel: Agreed English texts, 1992, NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2116