Formal parameter

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In computer science, a formal parameter is a name by which a subroutine refers to one of its parameters. This is not to be confused with an actual parameter, which is the name or value passed to the function by the caller. For example, in C,

int foo(int a)
{
   int b = 5;

   return a + b;
}

int bar(void)
{
   return foo(1);
}


The subroutine bar() calls foo(). When bar() calls foo(), it passes the constant 1. Within bar(), 1 is an actual parameter to foo(). Within foo(), a is a formal parameter which references the actual parameter 1 from bar().