's present constitution dates to 1971, when a High Constitutional Court
was created, and the Constitution modified both to make Sharia
its main basis, but the country is yet to move from Nasser's style of socialism
to a democratic model.
When Anwar Sadat
was assassinated in October 1981, Hosni Mubarak
had the Emergency Law passed. This suspended the Constitution, prohibiting public gatherings, and allowing preventive detention. Detained individuals were not entitled to hear charges, or be tried by a military or civil process.
Egypt accepts individuals provided to it through extraordinary rendition, usually but not always when Egyptian charges are pending. Egypt will sentence individuals in absentia.