Edinburgh, sometimes also known as Auld Reekie, Edina or Embro, is the capital city of Scotland and home to the Scottish Parliament. In 2001, Edinburgh had a population of 448,624 and has since grown quite rapidly. On the basis of GDP per capita, Edinburgh is the second most prosperous city in the UK, behind London, and is Europe's sixth largest financial centre. Edinburgh hosts the Edinburgh International Festival every August, as well as the Edinburgh Fringe festival, the largest festival of performing arts in the world. It has some of the most famous tourist sites in Britain, including Edinburgh Castle, and attracts about 13 million tourists each year. Edinburgh also hosts the Edinburgh Military Tattoo and the Edinburgh International Film Festival, as well as jazz, book and science festivals. Other notable events celebrated in Edinburgh include the Hogmanay street party (31st December), Burns Night (25th January), St. Andrew's Day (30th November), and the Beltane Fire Festival (30th April). Edinburgh's "Old Town" and "New Town" districts were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. In 2007, Edinburgh became the first UNESCO "City of Literature."
- 'Edinburgh Comparisons: population and age structure'. City of Edinburgh Council.
- 'Edinburgh UK's second most prosperous city'. The Scotsman, 3rd March 2005.
- Edinburgh Festivals
- World Heritage Site