Revascularization procedures include:
- Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) which is a "surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion."
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PCTA) (angioplasty of a coronary artery) is "dilatation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply."
- Coronary atherectomy which is a "percutaneous transluminal procedure for removing atheromatous plaque from the coronary arteries. Both directional (for removing focal atheromas) and rotational (for removing concentric atheromatous plaque) atherectomy devices have been used."
Coronary artery bypass is more effective for myocardial revascularization of coronary heart disease than percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, especially for patients with diabetes who have stenosis of three coronary arteries. Coronary artery bypass is also more effective than percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stents; however, bypass may increase the rate of stroke.
- "Calculation of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and SYNTAX scores is reasonable in patients with unprotected left main and complex CAD."
Appropriateness of decisions for PTCA
Less than half of patients with stable angina who receive PTCA are receiving optimal medical therapy.
Of patients without indications for myocardial revascularization, cardiologists will recommended percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for 21% of patients. A second study found that 12% of elective percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties were done for inappropriate reasons.
- Anonymous (2022), Myocardial revascularization (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Anonymous (2022), Coronary Artery Bypass (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Anonymous (2022), Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Anonymous (2022), Coronary Atherectomy (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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