Lower house refers to one of the houses of a bicameral legislature. Typically, the lower chamber in such a legislature is more numerous than that in the upper house. The lower house is more often elected by the people, though details vary from country to country. Additionally, members of a lower house generally stand for re-election more frequently than members of an upper house. For instance, US Senators (upper house) stand for election every 6 years, while Representatives (lower house) face elections on a biennial basis.
Examples of Lower Houses
The following are examples of lower houses in various bicameral legislatures throughout the world today.
- Canada: The House of Commons
- Egypt: Majilis Al-Sha'ab
- France: The National Assembly
- Germany: The Bundestag
- Ireland: Dáil Éireann
- Japan: The House of Representatives
- Mexico: The Chamber of Deputies
- The Netherlands: Tweede Kamer (second chamber)
- South Africa: The National Assembly
- Spain: The Congress of Deputies
- United Kingdom: The House of Commons
- United States: The House of Representatives