Carbonyl group

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A carbonyl group is a functional group which consists of a carbon atom with is double bound to an oxygen atom.Carbonyl.jpg Closely related chemical groups include carboxylic acids, in which R1 or R2 = OH, and amides, in which R1 or R2 = N(R3)R4. Carbonyl groups are polar and the carbon atom is electrophilic. As such, nucleophilic attack of the carbon atom is a useful reaction for the transformation of chemicals containing a carbonyl group.