Difference between revisions of "Carbonyl group"

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search
imported>Christian Kleineidam
(New page: A carbonyl group is a functional group which consists of a carbon atom with is double bound to an oxygen atom.Image:carbonyl.jpg)
 
imported>David E. Volk
(more text)
Line 1: Line 1:
A carbonyl group is a functional group which consists of a carbon atom with is double bound to an oxygen atom.[[Image:carbonyl.jpg]]
{{subpages}}
A carbonyl group is a functional group which consists of a [[carbon]] atom with is double bound to an [[oxygen]] atom.[[Image:carbonyl.jpg]] Closely related chemical groups include [[carboxylic acid]]s, in which R<sub>1</sub> or R<sub>2</sub> = OH, and [[amide]]s, in which R<sub>1</sub> or R<sub>2</sub> = N(R<sub>3</sub>)R<sub>4</sub>.  Carbonyl groups are polar and the carbon atom is [[electrophilic]].  As such, [[nucleophilic attack]] of the carbon atom is a useful reaction for the transformation of chemicals containing a carbonyl group.

Revision as of 07:00, 24 September 2008

This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Discussion
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.

A carbonyl group is a functional group which consists of a carbon atom with is double bound to an oxygen atom.Carbonyl.jpg Closely related chemical groups include carboxylic acids, in which R1 or R2 = OH, and amides, in which R1 or R2 = N(R3)R4. Carbonyl groups are polar and the carbon atom is electrophilic. As such, nucleophilic attack of the carbon atom is a useful reaction for the transformation of chemicals containing a carbonyl group.