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This article is about the Pre-Socratic philosopher. For other uses, see Anaximander (disambiguation).

Anaximander (fl. early 6th c. BC) was a Greek philosopher who held that the primary principal or cause of the world consisted of a non-material, boundless entity which underlay the world and its various changes. He wrote the first surviving fragments of Western philosophy and is also known for his accomplishments, both of a practical nature and in the realm of philosophical speculation, in what we would today call the fields of geography, biology, and astronomy.


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Print literature

  • Barnes, J., Early Greek Philosophy (London, 1987)
  • Copleston, F.C., History of Philosophy, Vol 1: Greece and Rome (Part 1 is a section on Pre-Socratic Philosophers)
  • Kahn, C.H., Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology (New York, 1960)
  • Kirk, G.S., Raven, J.E., and Schofield, M., The Presocratic Philosophers (Cambridge, 1990)