Difference between revisions of "Accounting"

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The information generated by accounting is used for many purposes. One is in [[financial management]], where a business can be analyzed using various ratios of its accounting numbers. A company's books are also used to determine tax liability.
The information generated by accounting is used for many purposes. One is in [[financial management]], where a business can be analyzed using various ratios of its accounting numbers. A company's books are also used to determine tax liability.
==Certification==
In the United States, publicly traded [[corporations|Corporation]] are required to provide financial data to the public. This data must be independently verified, or attested to, by a special class of accountants known as [[Certified Public Accountants|Certified Public Accountant]], or CPA. Worldwide, there are classes of certification, such as a Chartered Accountant in the UK.
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Revision as of 11:37, 14 April 2008

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Accounting, also known as bookkeeping or accountancy (the practice of accounting), is the process of recording transactions within a business. Before the modern era, many businesses used cash-basis accounting, which simply records when money is spent. Today most countries use the double-entry method, which was invented in Italy during the renaissance[1]. In the double entry method, all transactions (not just cash transactions) are recorded, and every transaction has 2 entries: a credit and a debit.

The information generated by accounting is used for many purposes. One is in financial management, where a business can be analyzed using various ratios of its accounting numbers. A company's books are also used to determine tax liability.

Certification

In the United States, publicly traded Corporation are required to provide financial data to the public. This data must be independently verified, or attested to, by a special class of accountants known as Certified Public Accountant, or CPA. Worldwide, there are classes of certification, such as a Chartered Accountant in the UK.