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Weak state

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In contrast to a failed state, a weak state is a nation whose government or institutions are unable, or unwilling, to provide a significant set of essential public services, including just and legitimate government, physical security, food and health, and minimal economic development. A failed state, provides essentially none.[1] Susan Rice, a former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, has written extensively on them, observing poverty is usually the core problem. Most, but certainly not all, are in Africa. [2]

Weak states usually have sufficient government to work with international organizations, although corruption and logistics may limit the efficiency with which aid can be delivered. Some weak states have a stronger political party organization than a government. [3]

They may have insurgencies or be involved in war across their borders. Security assistance, or even military operations, may be a risky but sometimes effective outside intervention.