User:Joe Quick/sandbox

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Notice: Portions of this article are sourced from article, a work by Joe Quick that is now in the public domain because its copyright has expired.
Notice: Portions of this article are sourced from article, a work that is now in the public domain because its copyright has expired.


Resources

For Tecum Umam --

Notes to myself about article development

  • Send note to Marco Palma when Tecum Umam reaches "developed article" stage.

Maya peoples

Moved from category: For the purposes of this list, "Maya Peoples" designates groups that share the Maya macroculture of southern Mesoamerica, which encompasses the pre-Hispanic cultures extending from the Yucatan Peninsula in present day Mexico south to present day Honduras and El Salvador as well as several dozen modern ethnic groups in the same region "who speak diverse historically related languages and share distinctive culture and cosmology."[1]




Destination: Ethnic group

Barth



Destination: K'iche'

Colonial Period

The K'iche' first made contact with the Spanish conquistadors in 1523, with the arrival of an expeditionary force led by Pedro de Alvarado.

Early Republican Period

Religion

Traditional Maya religious custom, or costumbre, is a syncretic conglomeration of pre-Columbian traditions and Catholicism. It combines devotion to the Catholic saints and celebrations of the Catholic festivals with traditional dances and elaborate ceremonies conducted at ceremonial sites that are scattered throughout the surrounding mountains.

Evangelical Protestantism has become increasingly strong since its arrival in the region in the 1970s.[1]




Destination: Maya costumbre

Maya costumbre refers to the syncretic religios practices of post-colonial Maya peoples. The term is necessarily imprecise because there are some 30(?) distinct modern Maya ethnic groups spread over a region that encompasses parts of five countries and a number of different ecological zones. Needless to say, religious practices vary widely, but a number of prominent themes and a shared heritage are held in common by most or all of the many local variations of costumbre.

  • Mesoamerican heritage
    • Olmec through post-classic Maya
    • Themes, practices, ideas, cosmology
    • Quincunx
      • Four directions
      • Four colors
  • Iberian Heritage
    • Cults to saints trace back to spain
      • cargos (?)
  • Fusion - saints, cofradias, etc.
    • Conversion of the saints
      • Carlsen and Prechtel. 1991. The Flowering of the Dead. Man 26(1):23-42.
      • Clendinnen. Ambivalent Conquests.
  • Outline by region (Do we need to do this? Very helpful to know differences but extremely wor-intesive proposition.)
    • Yucatán
    • Lacandon Jungle (?)
    • Highland Chiapas
    • Western Highlands, Guatemala
    • Eastern Guatemala
    • Pacific Coast (?)
    • Belize (?)
    • Others?
  • Modern influences
    • Pan-Maya Movement
    • Catholic Action
    • Evangelical Protestantism
    • Others
  1. Warren, Kay B. 1998. Pan-Mayanism and Multiculturalism in Guatemala. Electronic document, http://dkc.jhu.edu/~scholz/Iprints/warren.htm, accessed January 20, 2007.