Australia and the Netherlands had security and reconstruction forces there. The Dutch were responsible for the base proper, with Australians providing road security to Kandahar. There was controversy about a warlord being paid for that security, after Dutch soldiers were killed. The Dutch eventually withdrew forces in 2010. Australian Defence Forces were aware the Kandak Amniante Uruzgan commanded by Colonel Matiullah Khan worked for the Afghan Ministry of Interior to provide security on key routes within Uruzgan. Colonel Matiullah Khan was commander of the KAU, an organisation officially recognised and funded by the MOI to provide security along the key routes in Uruzgan province. The KAU performed that function in co-operation with the Afghan National Police. Khan was eventually appointed police chief. 
The town and province are isolated; road work began in 2008 to link Tarin Kowt to Chora, 25 kilometers north. Chora is a forward operating base for providing security.
- "The Battle of Tarin Kowt", PBS Frontline
- AAP. Aust, US back ex-warlord as head policeman, SBS News, Special Broadcasting Service, 30 September 2013. Retrieved on 6 November 2013.
- Road works begin between Tarin Kowt and Chora, Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations