Sayyid Qutb/Related Articles
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- 1993 World Trade Center bombing : A 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center in New York, by a loose grouping of terrorists with both jihadist and specific anti-American and Israeli goals, killing 6 and injuring over 1000 people
- Abd al-Qadir bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz : A Salafist scholar who was the first leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and an opponent, within jihadist circles, of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Abdullah Azzam : A Salafist legal scholar and jihadist, who formed the Services Office supporting the Afghanistan War (1978-92) with Osama bin Laden, one of the organizations that formed al-Qaeda
- Ahmed Agiza : An Egyptian citizen, rendered to Egypt by Swedish and U.S. personnel, where he was imprisoned for a 1999 in absentia conviction of belonging to an illegal organization, Egyptian Islamic Jihad; the removal from Sweden did not involve extradition and may have violated the refoulement provision of the Convention against Torture.
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Al-wala’ wa’l-bara’ : A Muslim, primarily Salafist belief that the faithful should show exclusive allegiance to Allah and Islam, and repudiation of unbelief and unbelievers, not associating with non-Muslims
- Ayman al-Zawahiri : Generally considered the #2 leader of al-Qaeda, an Egyptian physician who was mentored, in a faction of the Muslim Brotherhood, by Sayyid Qutb
- Extraordinary rendition, U.S., Bill Clinton Administration : Extraordinary rendition of suspects of counterterrorism programs in the Clinton Administration, with brief U.S. interrogation but primary coercive interrogation in third countries
- Gulbuddin Hekmatyar : Afghan radical jihadist leader, not affiliated with the Taliban, at large in Afghanistan or Pakistan
- Jamaat-i-Islami : Pakistan's oldest Islamist religious party, marginal in national politics but more powerful in the semi-autonomous frontier provinces; possibly affiliated with the Taliban
- Muslim Brotherhood : An Islamic political group, formed in Egypt and increasingly part of the political system there, which has worldwide branches; it may be moving from a Salafist ideology to a more mulilateral one
- Omar Abdel-Rahman : Serving a life sentence (without the possibility of parole) for the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, he is a radical Islamist cleric of Egyptian origin, who was affiliated with some of the ideological guides and founders of al-Qaeda
- Osama bin Laden : Radical jihadist who, with Ayman al-Zawahiri, founded a group known as al-Qaeda, which is credited with a series of terrorist attacks.
- Salafism : A strict branch of Sunni Islam, dedicated to the restoration of the Caliphate, often by means of armed jihad
- Takfir wal-Hijra : An extreme Salafist organization of Egyptian origin, whose executed leader wanted to withdraw from modern society, build strength, and then excommunicate and kill those they considered apostates, such as Osama bin Laden
- Takfir : A Muslim, primarily Salafist practice of excommunication or shunning of non-observant Muslims; it may extend to killing them
- Wahhabism : A socially conservative branch of Sunni Islam, strongest in the House of Saud, which rules Saudi Arabia
- War on terror : A major policy of the George W. Bush Administration, defining global terrorism, as opposed to nation-states as in the Cold War, as the focal point of national security policy