- See also changes related to Salafism, or pages that link to Salafism or to this page or whose text .
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- 9-11 Attack : The largest terrorist attack on the continental United States, occurring on September 11, 2001, using hijacked airliners as suicide weapons against major buildings.
- AC-130 : Heavily armed transport aircraft, based on the C-130 Hercules, used to provide air support to special operations forces.
- Abd al-Qadir bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz : A Salafist scholar who was the first leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and an opponent, within jihadist circles, of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Abdul Haq (Afghan leader) : A Northern Alliance leader who was killed in 2001 trying to lead an uprising against the Taliban in Afghanistan.
- Abdul Rashid Dostum : Afghan Uzbek warlord who had been the dominant figure in the north, although he may have gone into exile in Turkey
- Abdullah Azzam : A Salafist legal scholar and jihadist, who formed the Services Office supporting the Afghanistan War (1978-92) with Osama bin Laden, one of the organizations that formed al-Qaeda
- Abu Basir al-Tartusi : A Syrian-born Salafist theologian, living in London, highly visible on the Internet and a prominent pro-jihad theoretician
- Abu Jandal : Bodyguard to Osama bin Laden, captured in 2002 and who has provided information on al-Qaeda
- Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi : A Salafist theologian with much influence on Jihad, currently in Jordan; some affiliation with al-Qaeda but not necessarily in full agreement with their approach
- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi : Killed in an airstrike in 2006, the head of al-Qaeda in Iraq, who had previously run a separate organization
- Abu Qatada al-Filistini : A Salafist cleric, named by the United Nations Security Council as a financial supporter of al-Qaeda and the Algerian jihadist groups, under house arrest in London
- Abu Sulaiman al-Makki : Also known as Khaled al-Harbi, a cleric affiliated with al-Qaeda, of uncertain importance, who surrendered to Saudi security in 2004; he lost the use of his legs as a result of combat injuries in Bosnia while fighting with al-Qaeda
- Afghan Arab : Fighters against the Soviets, and then participants in jihad operating from Afghanistan and Pakistan, who are not of Afghan ethnicity but fought in the region, trained there or were supported by organizations based in the areas
- Afghanistan Civil War (1989-1994) : Conflict in Afghanistan between the departure of Soviet forces in 1989 and the taking of control by the Taliban in 1992, with conflict among mujahideen factions.
- Afghanistan War (1978-92) : A civil war in Afghanistan that matched the Soviet Union and its Afghan allies against a coalition of anti-Communist groups called the mujahideen, supported from the outside by the United States, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.
- Afghanistan War (2001-), major combat phase : During the Afghanistan War (2001-), the period of combat by Afghan ground forces, with U.S. and British air & special operations support, which drove the Taliban and al-Qaeda from their bases, in October through December 2001
- Afghanistan War (2001-) : Beginning on October 7, 2001, in response to the 9-11 attacks, military operations against the Taliban and al-Qaeda by United States and NATO forces
- Afghanistan : A Islamic republic in Central Asia, with an unstable but elected government; borders China, Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
- Ahmad Shah Massoud : Tajik Military leader of the Northern Alliance against the Taliban in Afghanistan, and a noted fighter against the Soviet-supported government as well as the Soviets; assassinated by al-Qaeda on 9/9/2001; known as the Lion of the Panjshir
- Ahmed Rashid : Pakistani journalist and author, who has written highly regarded books on Central Asia, especially on the Taliban
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Al-wala’ wa’l-bara’ : A Muslim, primarily Salafist belief that the faithful should show exclusive allegiance to Allah and Islam, and repudiation of unbelief and unbelievers, not associating with non-Muslims
- Arab : People who identify with or recognise heritage from areas of the Middle East and North Africa on linguistic, cultural, ethnic or religious grounds.
- Armed Islamic Group : An apparently dormant Algerian jihadist movement, formed in 1992 when the secular government outlawed the Islamist party that won the legislative elections; members now may be affiliated with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb
- Ayman al-Zawahiri : Generally considered the #2 leader of al-Qaeda, an Egyptian physician who was mentored, in a faction of the Muslim Brotherhood, by Sayyid Qutb
- Battle of Kunduz : A battle in northern Afghanistan in November 2001, the climax of the northern campaign, which involved numerous Taliban prisoner deaths, in a possible atrocity and in a prison revolt
- Federally Administered Tribal Area (Pakistan) : A region of Pakistan that is outside the regular system of Pakistani provincial government, involving a combination of tribal leaders and "agents" of the national government; the subdivisions are called "agencies", not "provinces"; from an international standpoint, it is fairly lawless
- Globalization : The interaction of peoples, cultures, and businesses worldwide, which tend to overcome traditional national and cultural boundaries
- Ibn Tamiyya : A medieval Sunni Islamic theologian of the Hanbali school, who set the theoretical framework on which modern Salafism depends
- Intelligence interrogation, U.S., George W. Bush Administration : The policies and practices authorized for interrogation of suspected terrorists by the United States Department of Defense and the United States intelligence community during the George W. Bush Administration
- Islamic Party of Afghanistan : A Pashtun-dominated Afghan political party, split into factions variously part of the government (Hezb-i-Islam) under Yunis Khalis versus Hezb-i-Islam Gulbuddin under Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (HIG), which cooperates with the Taliban but is also negotiating with the Karzai government
- Kuffar : An Arabic word that can be translated "infidels" or "non-Muslims"; it is considered somewhat derogatory. Strict Salafists, however, prefer it.
- Michael Scheuer : Former head of the Osama bin Laden/al-Qaeda unit in the Counterterrorism Center of the Central Intelligence Agency; critical of U.S. policies but with insightful analysis on what he sees as a complex enemy; contributor to AntiWar.com
- Paktika Province : A province of eastern Afghanistan, on the border with Pakistan
- Reagan Doctrine : Add brief definition or description
- Sayyid Qutb : Born in 1906, radicalized in 1951, and executed in 1966, an influential theorist of Salafist revolutionary Islam; considered one of the two spiritual fathers of al-Qaeda and the mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Services Office : An Arab organization, principally based in Pakistan with a U.S. branch called al-Khifa, which supported Afghans against the Soviets in the Afghanistan War (1978-92), but also was an ancestor of radical jihadist movements
- Shirk : An Arabic word literally meaning polytheism, but interpreted by some Salafist clerics, such as Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, to include allegiance to any government, even ostensibly Islamist, which does not follow strict Sharia law.
- Takfir wal-Hijra : An extreme Salafist organization of Egyptian origin, whose executed leader wanted to withdraw from modern society, build strength, and then excommunicate and kill those they considered apostates, such as Osama bin Laden
- Takfir : A Muslim, primarily Salafist practice of excommunication or shunning of non-observant Muslims; it may extend to killing them
- Taliban in Pakistan : Activities of the Taliban movement to take political control of parts of Pakistan, rather than using Pakistan as a sanctuary to operate in Afghanistan
- Taliban : Salafist Islamic militia, governing Afghanistan 1996–2001; still fighting in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- Tariq Azizuddin : A Pakistani diplomat.
- The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy : A controversial book by two American academics, suggesting that the relationship between the United States and Israel is dysfunctional, but affected by a loose but politically powerful set of interest groups in both countries
- Wahhabism : A socially conservative branch of Sunni Islam, strongest in the House of Saud, which rules Saudi Arabia
- War on terror : A major policy of the George W. Bush Administration, defining global terrorism, as opposed to nation-states as in the Cold War, as the focal point of national security policy