Under Saddam Hussein, the strategic reserves and best trained- and equipped-part of Iraqi ground forces. Considered politically loyal, they still were basically a field force, as, for example, as the spearhead, replaced after they had control, of the invasion into Kuwait. Not as committed to regime proper as the outsided division of the Special Republican Guard, to say nothing of the paramilitary Special Security Organization.
Order of battle, Iran-Iraq war
- Were they a discrete force at this time
Order of battle, 1990-1991
Armored and mechanized divisions; "special forces" brigades being more air assault than anything else. Deliberately savaged in air and ground phases, probably at no mote than 25% efficiency by mid-1991
Order of battle, 2003