Text on Malpighi from The Gutenberg Encyclopedia
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About the middle of the 17th century R.[obert] Hooke and Nehemiah Grew employed the simple microscope in the minute examination of plants and animals; and the Dutch philosopher A.[ntonie] Leeuwenhoek with great acuteness examined microscopically the solids and fluids of the body, recognized the presence of scales in the cuticle, and discovered the corpuscles in the blood and milk, and the spermatozoa in the seminal fluid.
The researches of Marcello Malpighi also tended greatly to improve the knowledge of minute [microscopic] structure. He gave the first distinct ideas on the organization of the [[Lung|lung], and the mode in which the bronchial tubes and vessels terminate in that organ. By the microscope he traced the transition of the arteries into the veins, and saw the movements of the blood corpuscles in the capillaries. He endeavoured to unfold, by dissection and microscopic observation, the minute structure of the brain. He studied the structure of bone, he traced the formation and explained the structure of the teeth; and his name is to this day associated with the discovery of the deeper layer of the cuticle and the Malpighian bodies in the spleen and kidney. In these difficult inquiries the observations of Malpighi are in general faithful, and he may be regarded as the founder of histological anatomy.
- Note: This text appears in the sub-section "History of Anatomy" of the main entry "Anatomy" in the Gutenberg Encyclopedia, a copy of a famous British encyclopedia published in 1911, and appears at The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Gutenberg Encyclopedia, which contains additional information as to its original source, and a reminder that the information reflects the mindset of an early 20th century scholar.
- Marcello Malpighi Citizendium, full-text free.
- Marcello Malpighi (Free Full-Text Article, Britannica Online).