JUMPSEAT: U.S. signals intelligence satellites of the 1960s and 1970s, which provided communications intelligence from Moliyna orbits
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- Signals intelligence : the practice of acquiring information through monitoring the electromagnetic signals deliberately trasmitted by an opponent, including communications (COMINT) and non-communications electronics such as radar (ELINT).
- Satellite orbits : The path of a celestial body or an artificial satellite as it revolves around another body.
- United States intelligence community : The United States' intelligence agencies coordinated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
- National Reconnaissance Office : An agency of the United States intelligence community, which designs, procures, launches, and operates intelligence satellites and certain aircraft/UAV platforms. It does not analyze their output.
- National Security Agency : An organization within the United States Department of Defense, with the dual roles of the principal signals intelligence agency in the United States intelligence community, but also having the responsibility for information assurance of military, diplomatic, and other critical communications.