Intelligence (information gathering)/Related Articles
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- Grand strategy : The application of all national means of affecting the actions of other nations and non-national actors; specifically includes but is not restricted to military means
- Intelligence cycle management : The continuous process by which intelligence priorities are set, raw information collected, information analyzed, the processed information disseminated, and the next set or priorities set.
- National intelligence organizations : Organizations for intelligence collection and analysis, which are responsive to overall national needs rather than to the needs of a specific military service or specific mission (e.g., terrorism); they may, however, be oriented to specific collection or analysis disciplines
- C3I-ISR : Command, control, communications and intelligence, combined with intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
Collection disciplines and facilitation
- Human-source intelligence : (HUMINT); the practice of acquiring information through interactions with people who can disclose relevant information, including but not limited to espionage, interrogation, debriefing and elicitation
- Signals intelligence : the practice of acquiring information through monitoring the electromagnetic signals deliberately trasmitted by an opponent, including communications (COMINT) and non-communications electronics such as radar (ELINT).
- Measurement and signature intelligence : A variety of intelligence gathering disciplines complementary to the technical "mainstream" of imagery intelligence and signals intelligence.
- Imagery intelligence : the practice of taking and interpreting visible and infrared light photographs and video, radar imagery, and other ways to form pictures of subjects of interest
- Geospatial intelligence : Information derived from combining images, from a variety of sources, with geographical locations, resolving conflicts of coordinates and different imaging techniques, and analyzing the results
- Spectroscopic MASINT : A electro-optical measurement and signature intelligence technique to measure the electromagnetic spectrum reflected from or emitted by an object, typically within the infrared through ultraviolet wavelength range, and compare it to spectral signatures of known objects
- Open source intelligence : Obtaining information, to be used in intelligence analysis, from sources available to the public. such as radio and television broadcasts, web sites, books, and similar materials.
- Financial intelligence : Collecting information on financial transactions (either from the financial institution or by clandestine means) and then analyzing it to determine providers and consumers of money or money equivalents
- Technical intelligence : Information derived from examination, testing and analysis of foreign equipment and materiel, preferably, but not necessarily, in good working order
- Economic intelligence : Understanding the flow of money and money equivalents inside a country, its policies on reinvestment and foreign investment, its resources and production capability, and other matters that will explain the country's capabilities to produce assets for critical needs
- Scientific and technical intelligence : In contrast to TECHINT, which is directed to specific materiel, working at a strategic/national level to study foreign materiel, professional publications and presentations, etc., to determine the level of research & development in a country, the manufacturing processes it can use, its priorities for research, etc.
- Counterintelligence : Countermeasures to foreign intelligence organizations collecting intelligence against one's own side.
- Clandestine human-source intelligence operational techniques : "Tradecraft" of espionage and activities supporting it, such as secret communication, document forgery, etc.
- Deception : The act of deceiving or misleading, through the intentional concealing or misrepresentation of facts.