The Haqqani Network is a Pashtun group in Afghanistan and Pakistan, conducting an insurgency with respect to both governments. It is treated as an enemy group by Afghanistan, Pakistan, and NATO, but as somewhat autonomous of the purely Islamic groups.
It is now in its second generation of leadership; it was formed by Jalaluddin Haqqani, but operational control is under his son, Sirajuddin Haqqani. While it has been allied with the Taliban under Mullah Omar and the Quetta Shura, it is not considered part of either the Afghan or Pakistani Taliban; it is more based on Pashtun tribal than on religious loyalties. It originated in the Zadrun tribe and district east of Kabul; its major operational areas in Afghanistan are the Ghazni, Kunar, Paktia, Paktika and Khost Provinces.
At one time, it was considered more Pashtun than Salafist, and possibly approachable in a coalition. As of 2010, however, it is among the primary targets of U.S. Central Intelligence Agency covert strikes,  as well as the Joint Special Operations Command. Sirajuddin Haqqani is a member of the Quetta Shura supreme council as well as a regional military commander.
Sirajuddin Haqqani's younger brother, whom he had encouraged to avoid conflict and focus on religion, was killed by a U.S. missile strike. 
- Haqqani Network, Globalsecurity
- Mark Mazetti (1 January 2010), "C.I.A. Takes On Bigger and Riskier Role on Front Lines", New York Times
- Eric Schmitt (27 December 2009), "Elite U.S. Force Expanding Hunt in Afghanistan", New York Times
- Pir Zubair Shah (20 February 2010), "Missile Kills Militant’s Brother in Pakistan", New York Times