Executive Order 12333

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Executive Order 12333 is an Executive Order signed into effect on December 4th, 1981, by United States President Ronald Reagan.[1][2] It extends the powers and responsibilities of agencies of the United States intelligence community and directs the leaders of other US federal agencies to co-operate fully with CIA requests for information.

One of the clauses of this executive order reiterated a proscription on US intelligence agencies carrying out, or sponsoring assassination.[3][4] During the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush administrations the proscription against assassination was reinterpreted, and relaxed, for targets who were classified as connected to terrorism..


  1. Ronald Reagan. Executive Order 12333--United States intelligence activities, US Federal Register, December 4, 1981. Retrieved on 2008-05-03.
  2. Should U.S. officials say anything that could harm U.S. soldiers?, Milnet. Retrieved on 2008-05-03.
  3. Walter Pincus. Saddam Hussein's Death Is a Goal, Says Ex-CIA Chief, Washington Post, February 15, 1998, p. A36. Retrieved on 2008-05-03.
  4. Barton Gellman. CIA Weighs 'Targeted Killing' Missions: Administration Believes Restraints Do Not Bar Singling Out Individual Terrorists, Washington Post, Sunday, October 28, 2001, p. A01. Retrieved on 2008-05-03.