Encephalitis is "inflammation of the brain due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions. Viral infections (see viral encephalitis) are a relatively frequent cause of this condition."
Etiologies / causes
Among immunocompromised patients:
Other causes include:
- Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) which is also called postinfectious encephalitis. ADEM may follow infection from Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
- Anonymous (2021), Encephalitis (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Granerod J et al. Causes of encephalitis and differences in their clinical presentations in England: A multicentre, population-based prospective study. Lancet Infect Dis 2010 Oct 18; [e-pub ahead of print]. DOI:10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70222-X