Criminal investigation/Related Articles
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- Befuddled Interrogator interrogation techniques : Having some relationship to Pride and Ego Up interrogation techniques, this method has an interrogator feign incompetence, in order that the prisoner is induced to boast and reveal information
- Debriefing : Obtaining information from cooperating people, who are aware of at least some purposes of the conversation or written communication, and do not consider themselves under duress in this type of eduction
- Delphi method : Systematic, recursive, interactive forecasting method for obtaining forecasts from a panel of independent experts.
- Detective : A person, usually employed in a state agency and sometimes by private parties, to investigate and solve crimes.
- Eduction : A collective term for acquiring information from willing and unwilling people, for purposes including criminal investigation and human-source intelligence, with methods that range from cooperative to coercive
- Elicitation : Eduction of information from a person or group in a manner that does not disclose the intent of the interview or conversation, generally overt, unless the collector is other than he or she purports to be.
- Emotional Hate interrogation techniques : Use of the hate, by the subject of an interrogation, for individuals or groups; alternatively, convincing the prisoner that he is hated
- Emotional Love interrogation techniques : Techniques of interrogation that try to persuade a prisoner's cooperation with interrogators will benefit individuals or people he loves
- Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques : Methods of interrogation, applied with various levels of psychological pressure, which induce a prisoner to reveal true information about himself, to convince the interrogator he is not a person for whom the captors plan a very bad fate
- False flag : In a variety of situations ranging from clandestine human-source intelligence to fraud to counterintelligence to false flag interrogation techniques, a manipulative technique where the manipulator leads others to believe he is the representative of a group they either admire or fear, in order to secure a benefit for his own cause, symbolically represented by a national flag
- Fear Up interrogation techniques : Psychologically coercive interrogation techniques, by one or more interrogators, which mildly or significantly increase the fear of a prisoner; easy to apply but not necessarily a good means of obtaining information
- File and Dossier interrogation techniques : A technique that involves using voluminous documentation, not always all visible to the prisoner, to give the impression that the questioner knows all; it differs from We Know All interrogation techniques that rely on verbal convincing that the questioner is omniscient and resistance is futile
- Fourth Geneva Convention : International agreement specifying the obligations of an Occupying Power towards civilians in an area it controls
- Human-source intelligence : (HUMINT); the practice of acquiring information through interactions with people who can disclose relevant information, including but not limited to espionage, interrogation, debriefing and elicitation
- Incentive interrogation techniques : Interrogation that uses either the offering of rewards for cooperation, or the withdrawal of comforts as a counterincentive to undesired behavior
- Intelligence collection management : Assigning questions to various collection techniques, reflecting the techniques available and the priority of the information need. Includes the process of categorizing information learned for subsequent analysis, and assigning probabilities of accuracy to the raw information
- Intelligence interrogation, U.S., George W. Bush Administration : The policies and practices authorized for interrogation of suspected terrorists by the United States Department of Defense and the United States intelligence community during the George W. Bush Administration
- Intercultural competence : The ability to successfully communicate with people of other cultures.
- Interrogation : A systematic process of direct questioning, of a person in detention or otherwise under the control of the interrogator, to obtain reliable information to satisfy criminal investigation or human-source intelligence requirements, within the scope of relevant law and policy
- MKULTRA : A Central Intelligence Agency program that used adults to explore more effective means of interrogation as part of the larger Project ARTICHOKE.
- Military necessity : In U.S. and NATO usage, the position that a belligerent has the right to apply any measures which are required to bring about the successful conclusion of a military operation and which are not forbidden by the laws of war.
- Mutt and Jeff interrogation techniques : Interrogation techniques using varying degrees of psychological pressure applied by a pair of interrogators, one playing a sympathetic and the other a hostile persona to the subject, alternating between entreaties and threats; often called "good cop-bad cop"
- Operation Condor : A secret security operation among the military governments of Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay, beginning in 1975 and ending with democratization in the 1980s and 1990s; descriptions range from counterintelligence and counterterrorism to state terror
- Police : Organized government officials responsible for enforcing the criminal law of their locality, responding to designated emergencies, and various duties considered appropriate by their culture and government
- Pride and Ego Down interrogation techniques : Methods of interrogation that apply psychological pressure to a prisoner with a potentially overconfident prisoner, attacking his self-image rather than directly producing fear; often counterproductive but sometimes effective
- Pride and Ego Up interrogation techniques : This class of essentially noncoercive interrogation techniques build the interrogator's position by rebuilding the self-respect of a prisoner who feels defeated; supportive actions may build gratitude, camaraderie, or dependence
- Rapid Fire interrogation techniques : A method of interrogation that exploits the general human desire to be heard, by using one or more interrogators to ask questions so fast, not waiting for an answer, that the prisoner interrupts with meaningful information as a way of being recognized
- Reduced Fear interrogation techniques : Interrogation techniques that, using conversation, incentives or both, reduce fear in a prisoner, with the intent of increasing cooperation
- Removal of comfort items interrogation techniques : A mildly to moderately coercive interrogation technique, based on reward and removal of reward; it starts with discretionary comfort items such as a pillow or pleasant blanket, but can be extended to items with Third Geneva Convention protection, such as religious materials
- Term of art : A common word or phrase, as opposed to jargon, which has a precisely defined meaning in a specific context
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- United States intelligence community : The United States' intelligence agencies coordinated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
- Waterboarding interrogation techniques : A coercive interrogation technique that uses water poured over a prisoner's face to induce a sensation of drowning or suffocation; since it is intended to simulate rather than cause asphyxiation, it has been argued if it does or does not actually violate international agreements on torture
- We Know All interrogation techniques : Methods of psychological interrogation, which may be coercive or noncoercive, that establish a state of futility in the prisoner, convincing him that there is no point in withholding information