CZ:Linguistics Workgroup

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The Citizendium Linguistics Workgroup
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Welcome to the Linguistics Workgroup.


Articles are in various stages of development. Click 'All Articles' above for linguistics articles which may or may not have been worked on. Check Linguistics External Articles for pages that have not changed significantly from the Wikipedia versions, and Linguistics Developing Articles for those with significant work. Developed articles are those that are nearing completion.

Click on the [r] after the first definition below to edit this list of transcluded subtopics.

  • Grammar (linguistics) [r]: The structural rules that govern the composition of sentences, phrases, and words in any language; alternatively, the system of language itself, i.e. the principles common to all languages. [e]
  • Natural language [r]: A communication system based on sequences of acoustic, visual or tactile symbols that serve as units of meaning. [e]
  • Biolinguistics [r]: An interdisciplinary field that explores human natural language’s fundamental properties, development in individuals, use in thinking and communicating, brain implementation, genetic underpinnings, and evolutionary origins. [e]


Core areas

  • Phonology [r]: In linguistics, the study of the system used to represent language, including sounds in spoken language and hand movements in sign language. [e]
  • Syntax [r]: The study of the rules, or 'patterned relations', that govern the way words combine to form phrases and phrases to form sentences. [e]
  • Morphology [r]: The study of word structure; the study of such patterns of word-formation across and within languages, and attempts to explicate formal rules reflective of the knowledge of the speakers of those languages. [e]
  • Semantics [r]: The subfield of the study of language which focuses on meaning. [e]
  • Pragmatics [r]: Branch of linguistics concerned with language in use or the study of meaning as it arises from language occurring in context. [e]
  • Phonetics [r]: Study of speech sounds and their perception, production, combination, and description. [e]

Fields of linguistics

  • Cognitive linguistics [r]: School of linguistics that understands language creation, learning, and usage as best explained by reference to human cognition in general. [e]
  • Creolistics [r]: The study of creole and pidgin languages. [e]
  • Sociolinguistics [r]: Branch of linguistics concerned with language in social contexts - how people use language, how it varies, how it contributes to users' sense of identity, etc. [e]
  • Evolutionary linguistics [r]: Branch of linguistics that concerns itself with how the human faculty of language evolved; multidisciplinary field involving neurolinguistics, cognitive science, anthropology and others. [e]
  • Psycholinguistics [r]: Study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. [e]
  • Neurolinguistics [r]: Add brief definition or description

Language acquisition
  • Language acquisition [r]: The study of how language comes to users of first and second languages. [e]
  • First language acquisition [r]: Study of the processes through which humans acquire language, specifically first languages, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language. [e]
  • Second language acquisition [r]: Process by which people learn a second language in addition to their native language(s), where the language to be learned is often referred to as the 'target language'. [e]
  • Language attrition [r]: The loss of a first or second language or a portion of that language by individuals. [e]
  • Critical period [r]: Limited time in which an event can occur, usually resulting in some kind of transformation. [e]
  • Critical period hypothesis [r]: Hypothesis which claims that there is an ideal 'window' of time to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which this is no longer possible. [e]

Applied linguistics


Notable figures

Other researchers

  • Martha Young-Scholten [r]: linguist specialising in the phonology and syntax of second language acquisition (SLA); senior lecturer at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. [e]

History of linguistics

Descriptions of language

  • Linguistic typology [r]: Subfield of linguistics that studies and classifies languages according to their structural features. [e]
  • Descriptive linguistics [r]: The work of analyzing and describing how language is spoken (or how it was spoken in the past) by a group of people in a speech community. [e]
  • Historical linguistics [r]: The study of how languages change over time, and linguistic patterns within that change. [e]

  • Comparative linguistics [r]: (also known as comparative philology) A branch of historical linguistics that uses a number of methods of comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness. [e]
  • Linguistic variation [r]: The range of differences between varieties of language. [e]
  • Corpus linguistics [r]: The study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) or 'real world' text. [e]

Attitudes to language and linguistic study

  • Linguistic prescriptivism [r]: The laying down or prescribing of normative rules for the use of a language, or the making of recommendations for effective language usage. [e]

What can I write about?

  • There is a list of linguistics articles at Core Articles - Linguistics, consisting of Wikipedia-sourced articles in need of editing, 'micro-stubs' (articles in need of expansion) and articles yet to be written. You can start, restart or expand any of these - and get credit for it! The list is copied below,.
  • If you can write in other languages, you might also like to declare which one(s) at CZ:International.

Core articles

Click here to edit this transcluded list (remove articles once started)

Alphabetical article list

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