CZ:Editorial Council Rules of Procedure
These rules were formally adopted by Resolution 0001.
- 1 Outline of the process
- 2 Editorial Council roles
- 3 Initial resolutions
- 4 The agenda
- 5 Use of the Council mailing list
- 6 Recess
- 7 Creating committees
- 8 The Rules Committee
- 9 Amending and interpreting these rules
- 10 Table of Motions
Outline of the process
The process whereby a resolution is adopted, which is a digitized version of Robert's Rules of Order, can be outlined as follows.
- Before any resolution is made, it is preferable to discuss it among the larger community.
- An individual Member drafts a resolution and asks for co-sponsors.
- The three (or more) co-sponsors work as an ad hoc committee to craft the resolution into presentable form.
- The lead sponsor of the resolution then formally moves (on the Council mailing list) that the Council adopt the resolution.
- The Chair places the resolution on the agenda. The first stop is "the queue," if there are already too many resolutions occupying the Council's attention.
- When the Council is ready to consider a new resolution, the Chair, with the advice of a Rules Committee, moves the resolution into discussion.
- Discussion has two stages. First, there is a "silent comment" period in which Members send their remarks about the proposal privately to the Secretary.
- At the scheduled conclusion of the "silent comment" period, the Secretary posts the comments to the mailing list.
- Second, there is an open comment period. To open this, the Chair specifies a length of time that the resolution will remain in discussion (with the advice of the Rules Committee).
- Discussion then takes place on the Forums, on a special page for Members' official position statements on the resolution, and/or on wiki pages for longer statements.
- During the open comment period, it is possible for Members to make various motions. For example, someone, such as the resolution's sponsor, might make a motion to amend the resolution to satisfy various criticisms made to it by other Members.
- The Chair posts reminders approximately 24 hours, 12 hours, and one hour prior to the close of discussion.
- Discussion ends and voting begins, for a minimum period of 72 hours. (The Chair, with the advice of the Rules Committee, sets the amount of time.) Members vote simply by placing their names in the appropriate column of a wiki page.
- Finally, immediately after the close of voting, the Secretary protects the voting page, tallies the vote, and reports the results to the Council mailing list.
Many of these steps are accomplished by "Chair actions" and "motions" made by Members. There is a Table of Motions, below that summarizes these actions and motions, but other essential notes are given in the body of this document.
There are several places that Members can follow Council activity: (1) the cz-editcouncil mailing list, which is the official venue for announcing all motions and Chair actions; (2) the Agenda and the Log, both on the Council home page; and (3) the complete list of resolutions.
Editorial Council roles
Each member of the Editorial Council is referred to below as a "Member."
- Amendment: See CZ:Editorial_Council_Resolution_0007#I._Composition_of_the_Council. for the composition of the Council.
The Editorial Council has a Chair, who is the presiding officer of the body. Initially, the Chair is the Editor-in-Chief. The method of selection of the Chair will be left to decide later.
The Citizendium Editor-in-Chief will, after a Chair is selected, be able to speak on motions as any other Member of the Council, but he or she may not vote.
See below for an enumeration of the functions of Members and of the Chair. The Chair is a Member, but may not have all the rights of Members.
Members of the Rules Committee has some special roles with respect to the Council as well. The Secretary is the Chair of the Rules Committee and is responsible for leading the Committee in assisting the Council with matters of procedure--both offering opinions on how rules should be applied, as well as keeping the Council running smoothly by, for example, ensuring that various changeable Council wiki pages are updated properly.
- A resolution must be well worked out before it can be placed on the Agenda. The standards of a complete resolution are (will be) specified on Editorial Council Resolution Guidelines. To ensure that the resolution is well worked out, the resolution must be joined by at least two other Members.
- Each new resolution should have its own wiki page, named according to the following format: "Editorial Council Resolution NNNN", where NNNN is the next resolution number according to Editorial Council Resolutions Complete List.
- Any Member may make a resolution by doing these three things, in this precise order (but see Editorial Council How to Make a Resolution for details):
- create a wiki page for the resolution and link to it from "Initial resolutions" as well as from Editorial Council Resolutions Complete List;
- post to the Council mailing list, asking for two supporting Members; this rule applies to the Chair as it would any rank-and-file Member; and, finally,
- post to the Council mailing list a message stating: "I move the adoption of Resolution NNNN, found at <URL>." The Member must not, at that time, offer arguments in favor of the resolution.
- If the Chair finds the resolution to be in order, he or she moves it from the "initial resolutions" section to the "queue" section. Only the Chair may move the resolution in this way (except for the Chair's own resolutions, which can be moved only by the Secretary). The Chair then posts a message to the Council mailing list stating, "The Chair recognizes that Resolution NNNN (<URL>) is in order and has moved it onto the Agenda. It is currently in the Queue and is not yet available for official discussion."
- Members are discouraged from making even an initial resolution if the matter of the resolution concerns an editorial dispute over a particular article, and no significant attempt to settle the dispute has been made between the disputants or within the relevant workgroup(s). Resolutions on such unexplored matters are particularly discouraged if there is no pressing policy issue that underlies the matter.
- If the Chair offers a resolution, then the Secretary fills Chair duties with respect to that resolution, and the Chair may vote and discuss. The Chair is discouraged from offering many resolutions, however, because it may undermine the Council's trust in his or her impartiality. Similarly, if the Secretary sponsors any resolution, he or she cannot perform Secretary duties with respect to that resolution; and similar rules apply for each Rules Committee member.
- Nonmembers may not make resolutions, although they may approach any Member with a resolution and ask the Member to sponsor it.
- Council argumentation about the merits of a resolution is not permitted either on the wiki or on cz-editcouncil until it comes up for discussion.
Vote on the issue of purview
- The governing policy of the Editorial Council specifies a list of issues within its purview. Issues not on that list, and particularly issues that are explicitly stated to be within the purview of some other part of the governance of the Citizendium, may be outside of the Council's purview. Note that it is immediately after a resolution has been placed on the Agenda that a motion to take a vote on the issue of purview is in order.
- Any member may ask for a vote on the issue of purview, if seconded, by saying: "I move that Resolution NNNN be summarily rejected, without (further) discussion, on grounds that it is not within the purview of the Editorial Council."
- The editor-in-chief, chief constable, and any other (future) heads of independent governance bodies, may similarly make a motion to vote on grounds of improper purview. These persons do not need a second, but they may not vote on the issue. (It is probable that another mechanism will be found for deciding purview in the future. But for now, since the Council is not the "sovereign" governance body of the Citizendium, the Council itself needs a mechanism for recognizing that an issue is not in its own purview.)
- The agenda, populated by resolutions, is divided into three sections: queue; discussion; and voting. "Queue" refers to a staging area for new resolutions.
- The Chair's primary responsibility is to edit the agenda in order to keep the Council's business moving along. It is the Chair's job to move items from initial resolutions, to the queue, to discussion, to voting. It is also the Chair's job to announce how long each period will last and to set a specific date and time when the period will be over. These are each "Chair actions," i.e., actions taken by the Chair acting on his or her own recognizance, although the Chair may seek advice (see below). Note that the Chair is not said to "move" or "make motions" with respect to Chair actions, but instead to "take actions," because these Chair actions do not require a second or a vote.
- Members may, if they disagree with a Chair action, move to "reverse Chair action." If moved and seconded, the Secretary immediately (or as soon as possible) takes a vote. If successful, the motion nullifies that specific Chair action and moves the Council to the status quo ante.
- If a Member's motion is one that the Chair ordinarily makes on his own recognizance (i.e., is typically a Chair action), the Chair may simply make the change moved by the Member. This is recommended, since it will avoid a time-consuming vote. But if the Chair refuses a motion that has been seconded, then a vote must be called. To avoid Council time begin occupied by procedural wrangling, such votes should typically be time-limited--a 24 hour vote. See below for guidelines on voting.
- There is a wide variety of possible "motions" with regard to items on the agenda. Any Council Member may make a motion with regard to the agenda. See below, "Table of Motions," for a variety of possible motions. Most of these motions are discussed in greater detail below, but a few are not (i.e., currently, the motions whose names are not linked in the table are detailed only in the Table of Motions). For example, independently of the Chair, any Member may move to "extend," that is, leave a resolution in the queue, in discussion, or in voting for a set amount of time. Another example is the motion to separate a resolution into two distinct resolutions ("divide the question"). Yet another example is the motion to add a fresh copy of a previously considered resolution to the queue ("reconsider" the resolution).
- The Chair may seek advice from the Rules Committee as well as from any Council Member about any Chair decisions. Moreover, Members may offer mere advice to the Chair and to the Rules Committee, without thereby making any motions; Members should clarify that they are indeed offering advice and not making a motion. Such communication is encouraged, particularly when it might avoid a time-consuming vote on matters of procedure.
- The minimum time periods for discussion and voting given below are not suggestions about what should be typical. Particularly for decisions that are very important, the Chair, with the advice of the Rules Committee, is well advised to establish discussion and voting periods that are longer than the minimum. The Chair should also set deadlines for discussion depending on his or her sense of how well-discussed an issue has been.
- To close discussion, the Chair should announce, "If there is no objection, discussion will close in N hours, after which voting will begin." A similar device may be used to close a vote. Members may then call for more time (according to the above rules). There will be cases, however, in which, in the opinion of the Chair and the Council as a whole, discussion has gone on too long; then discussion may be closed by vote.
- The Chair, or a person or persons deputized by the Chair, should post reminders to the mailing list approximately 24 hours, 12 hours, and one hour before the close of discussion and before the close of voting. These reminders should follow a standard format for ease of recognition and deletion by Members who do not need them.
Voting in general
- Except in rare cases where secret balloting is well-advised, voting takes place on a wiki page that is linked from the resolution page. We create two columns, "Yes" and "No" (or whatever the options are), and Members sign their names in the appropriate columns. We do not offer comments/justifications on the pages where the voting takes place. Members merely sign their names. Nonmembers may not vote.
- Voting generally is limited by time. There should be a strict minimum of 24 hours for every vote, but more time may be required. Any Member may change his or her vote before the close of voting. The vote is automatically tallied and reported by someone deputized by the Chair, immediately after the closing time.
- Except where otherwise specified, a vote is determined by a majority or, where there are more than two options, a plurality, of the votes cast.
- For a vote to be closed, a quorum--a minimum of 40% of the membership of the Council--must have voted. Otherwise, the vote is left open for another 24 hours, and the Chair calls for more votes. Note that, in any case, the vote does not close when the quorum is reached, but rather, when the deadline has expired.
- Note that the time allotted for discussion or for a vote cannot be satisfied by any time between 6 PM Friday (anywhere) and 6 AM Monday (anywhere)--which is to say, between Friday 6 AM UTC and Monday 4 PM UTC. So, for example, if it is currently 6 AM UTC on Thursday, and the rules (or a decision) calls for 48 hours of discussion, or voting, then the first 24 hours of the period occurs before the weekend, and the last 24 hours occur afterwards; so the end of the period would be 4 PM Tuesday. Similarly, the minimum time permitted cannot be satisfied by any time devoted to a Council-designated holiday or recess.
- Any member may move to extend voting for 24 hours, and if seconded, the motion carries automatically. Such a motion carries automatically only once; thereafter, so long as the Chair disagrees with the motion to extend, it must be voted on.
- It is the job of the Secretary to report the outcome of a vote for the record (on the mailing list and on the Council's Log).
- The Chair is expected not to vote, except when his or her vote might be expected to have an effect on the outcome (i.e., the vote is very close), when he has stepped down temporarily as Chair for the management of a given resolution, or when a secret vote (a vote by ballot) is taken. Note however that the Chair, strictly speaking, has the right to vote. The Chair may vote by communicating directly with the Secretary. If the Chair does vote, his or her vote should be cast (or recorded by the Secretary) after the vote has been closed, but before the results are announced by the Secretary.
- The queue is a staging area for new resolutions, when the Council's attention is taken up with other matters. Council members, being for the most part busy professionals, cannot be expected to adjudicate very many issues properly all at once. The Chair will establish when the Council is ready to take up another issue, subject to motions by Members.
- The queue may and should be bypassed if, in the judgment of the Chair, the Council is prepared to take on a new resolution immediately, or if the resolution appears particularly urgent.
- It is not the case that there is a strict first-in, first-out rule. It is the responsibility of the Chair, with the Rules Committee, to establish correct priorities. It is possible that a newer resolution is of a higher priority than an older one.
- "Official" discussion of a resolution ordinarily begins only as follows. An initial call for comment on the resolution is posted on the cz-editcouncil mailing list. Some specific amount of time, such as 48 hours, is set for initial comments. The Chair specifies the permissible maximum length of comments, but something within the range of 300-600 words is suggested. All initial comments on the resolution are sent to the Secretary, who saves them until the initial comment period elapses; then all comments posted at once to the list, in order of receipt. (This is to avoid an echo chamber effect; each Member offers his or her initial, non-binding opinion uninfluenced by others. The hope is that we will enjoy the benefits of the full spectrum of opinion on a question.)
- Note that the original sponsor of a resolution may not include detailed arguments as part of the resolution, although there may be a brief preamble that explains, as neutrally as possible, the intended purpose of the resolution.
- Next, three methods of further commentary are used:
- First, the resolution is posted on the Forums. The resolution may not be posted on the Forums until after the Council has initially weighed in. Members may, but do not have to, contribute to the discussion on the Forums. They are asked, but are not required, to read the results.
- Second, on a single wiki page, each member is given a maximum of 600 words to articulate his or her position on the resolution. Voting members are required to read this page before voting. Members may revise their statements throughout the discussion period. Nonmembers may not comment on this page. We might set up a distinct page for similarly brief comments from nonmembers, however.
- Third, any Member may elaborate as many longer arguments on a page such as "CZ:Editorial Council Resolution NNNN/LASTNAME opinion" as he or she wishes. Statements may take the form of replies to each other. These statements are linked from the resolution page. Voting members are asked, but are not required, to read these pages.
- All official discussion venues are to be linked from the resolution page.
- Official discussion entirely ends prior to voting. At the close of discussion, all discussion pages should be protected and notices posted that the discussion period is finished.
- Traditionally, the Chair, as director of an assembly, is expected to be impartial. The Editorial Council carries on this tradition. It is inappropriate for the Chair to declare support for or opposition to a resolution, or to advance arguments, unless the Chair wishes to leave the management of a Resolution to the Secretary, to some other member of the Rules Committee, or, failing that, another Member of the Council. This is discouraged, insofar as it might cause the Council membership to doubt the Chair's general impartiality.
- Once accepted into the agenda, a resolution may not be edited--even by the original sponsor--except to correct simple typographical errors that do not affect the meaning of the resolution, or via a motion, such as a motion to amend or to divide the question.
- Any Member can move to amend a resolution. One common reason to do so is to satisfy concerns raised by other Members in discussion. It is appropriate for a Member to announce an intention to amend, and thereby alert the Chair and Rules Committee that he or she needs more time, before voting begins, to work out an amended version.
- Generally, amendments should be developed on new wiki pages--subpages of the resolution page, typically. Discussion of the details of amendments should typically be developed on the Discussion page attached to the resolution, for purposes of settling upon a version that they can agree upon.
- There are two kinds of amendments: amendments of specific, limited points or issues, and thoroughgoing revisions. Members are encouraged to design thoroughgoing revisions of resolutions so as to satisfy the concerns of Members as stated in discussion, as well as reasonable concerns that have come out of the general Citizendium community.
- Once a thoroughgoing revision is worked out properly, one of the Members at work on the amendment moves to use that language; if the motion is seconded, the Council takes a vote (typically of brief length).
- Note that a vote to adopt an amendment is only a vote to replace the old language with the new. It is not a vote to adopt the resolution itself.
- If the motion is adopted, the Secretary (or a member of the Rules Committee) replaces the original version with the amended version; the original is saved on a separate wiki page.
- Other rules concerning amendments are as stated in Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, as adapted (if necessary) by the Chair.
Motions to reconsider and to rescind
- A Member who voted on the winning side of a motion (typically, a resolution) may, after the vote is concluded, move to reconsider the motion, if the motion to reconsider is seconded by another person who also voted on the winning side. A vote is then taken. If the vote concerned a resolution, then, if the motion to reconsider passes, a fresh, and renumbered, copy of the original resolution (as amended) enters the queue again. If the vote concerns any other sort of motion, then the motion is renewed and the Chair sets a new schedule for discussion and/or vote.
- Once a resolution has been passed, a Member may move to rescind it, that is, to appeal or nullify it. Such a motion is treated as a new resolution. The resolution then requires, however, a two-thirds vote for passage.
- Similar rules apply for motions to amend resolutions previously adopted.
- More detailed rules concerning these and other motions are as stated in Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, as adapted (if necessary) by the Chair.
Lay on and take from the table
- Occasionally, it will be discovered that a certain issue cannot or should not be resolved until after a certain date, or until after another issue is resolved. In such a case, after the issue has come up for discussion, but before it has come up for vote, members may move that the resolution be "laid on the table." The effect of doing this will be to place a resolution into the queue; it similarly places all pending motions with regard to the resolution (such as amendments) "on hold."
- To restart discussion of the resolution, one does not use a motion to discuss, but instead a motion to "take from the table." This not only moves a resolution that had been placed in the queue back into discussion, it reopens any related motions that had been "on hold."
Voting on resolutions
- A vote can be called only after a resolution has remained for a minimum length of time in discussion. The absolute minimum for votes on resolutions, as opposed to motions about resolutions, is 72 hours.
- Discussion about a resolution may not take place in official Council venues when a vote is being taken about that resolution.
Use of the Council mailing list
- All motions are made on the mailing list, and all significant actions made by the Chair (or anyone else) are to be announced on the cz-editcouncil mailing list.
- The mailing list, the page history of wiki pages, and the Council Log are to be regarded as adequate for purposes of keeping a record of deliberations; minutes, per se, are not necessary.
- The mailing list is not to be used for purposes of debating the merits of a resolution. Discussion takes place via special wiki pages and on the Forums.
- In order to expedite business, discussion of motions may take place on the mailing list immediately after the motion is made. No one should post more than two messages, each limited to 350 words, about any motion, although any Member may post a link to a longer discussion elsewhere. Members are encouraged, but are not obligated, to read discussions of motions posted elsewhere.
- Note that debate and voting on motions (not on resolutions themselves) can occur at the same time.
- It is permissible to use the Council mailing list to do such things as ask and offer help, call attention to a discussion on matter, or exchange pleasantries. This use of the list must not be allowed to make it more difficult to follow the more important Council business. The list moderator and/or Council Chair (who may be the same person) should remind members to use the Forums if necessary, if background chatter is getting in the way of official Council business.
- A "recess" of the Council temporarily turns the Council mailing list off--i.e., makes it impossible for anyone to post mail, and hence to make any official motions. Recesses are desirable during common holiday or vacation times, and at other times.
- Any Member may call for a recess for a specified length of time, which if seconded goes before the Council for a vote.
- The Council may also vote to have a regular recess, or scheduled recesses for holidays.
- Committees may be created by a resolution, or by part of a resolution. This is true whether the committee is standing (i.e., permanent) or special (i.e., will be disbanded after it discharges some assigned duty).
- The resolution to create a committee must specify at least the following matters: (1) the number of members; (2) how the members are to be selected (or who the initial members are); (3) the purview of the committee, i.e., what issues it deals with typically; (4) in what matters the committee may take actions independently of the Council, and in what matters the Council must give explicit instructions or permission; and (5) any rules about how the committee is to operate.
- It is possible for the Council to "commit" resolutions to a committee, i.e., to order a committee to develop the resolution, or to render a decision about it, and then report back to the Council by a certain date.
The Rules Committee
- The Rules Committee, the Chair of which is the Secretary of the Council, is a standing committee responsible for assisting the Council with the proper and efficient execution of the Council's parliamentary rules. In short, the Committee assists the Chair in keeping the Council running smoothly.
- The Committee has these main functions:
- to assist Members with placing resolutions into proper form;
- to make (nonbinding) recommendations to the Chair about when to transfer resolutions to the queue, to discussion, and to voting, and to recommend amounts of time to initially set for each stage;
- to update the Council home page, resolution pages, log, and other changeable pages; and
- to report the outcome of votes (a Secretary function).
- In particular, one important function of the Committee is to ensure that a resolution does not sit in the queue for too long.
- The Committee operates informally through e-mail. If necessary, the Committee will take a vote, which is tallied by the Secretary. Other rules of operation for the Rules Committee, if any, are established by the Committee itself.
- The Secretary is nominated by the Chair and confirmed by vote by the Council; Council members may nominate others, however, and then an election is held. The Secretary appoints the other members of the Committee from within the Council membership, subject to confirmation all at once by the Council.
Amending and interpreting these rules
- Once initially adopted, these rules cannot be changed by anyone, except to correct simple typographical errors that do not affect the meaning of rules, or via a new resolution.
- A Member may submit several changes to the rules at once. Other members may "divide the question" if necessary.
- If the Council's rules of procedure leave the answer to some procedural question unclear, the matter will be determined by consulting Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised (10th Edition); the Chair will determine how best to implement those rules in an Internet context.
Table of Motions
How to read the Table of Motions:
- "Motion name" gives the name of the type of motion.
- "What it does" explains what the motion accomplishes (if adopted).
- "Chair action?" A motion is a Chair action if the Chair may singlehandedly put the motion into effect. Note that any Member can make a similar motion, and Chair actions can be corrected by voting; see above for more detailed notes, and see "motion to correct Chair action" below.
- "Needs second?" Most motions need a second--i.e., stated support from one other Member, which can be achieved by a simple e-mail to the mailing list declaring "Seconded."
- "Debateable?" If debate on a motion is permissible, it is debatable.
- "Amendable?" If it is permissible to amend a motion, it is amendable.
- "Needed for adoption" states the proportion of the vote needed to adopt a given motion. Typically, a majority.
- "Language" suggests the wording in which a motion should be expressed.
Note that similar, more elaborate tables for many more motions are available as part of Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised.
|Motion name||What it does||Chair action?||Needs second?||Debate-
|Needed for adoption||Language|
|Propose||Transfers a proposed resolution onto the agenda||Yes||No*||No||No||Is not voted on*||"I move the adoption of Resolution NNNN, found at <URL>."|
|Discuss||Transfers a resolution from the queue to discussion||Yes||Yes||No||No||Majority||"I move that we begin discussion of Resolution NNNN."|
|Lay a resolution on the table||Places a resolution, that had been in discussion or voting, into the queue; similarly places all pending motions with regard to the resolution "on hold"||No||Yes||No||No||Majority||"I move that Resolution NNNN be laid on the table."|
|Take a resolution from the table||Moves a resolution that had been placed in the queue back to its previous position, and reopens any related motions that had been "on hold"||No||Yes||No||No||Majority||"I move that Resolution NNNN be taken from the table."|
|Vote (on resolution)||Ends discussion, and transfers a resolution to voting||Yes||Yes||No||No||Majority||"I move that we vote on Resolution NNNN."|
|Extend||Leaves a resolution in queue, discussion, or voting for a set amount of time||Yes**||See note**||No||No||Majority||"With regard to Resolution NNNN, I move that we extend the amount of time for [function] by [number] hours/days."|
|Motions to edit resolutions and motions|
|Motion name||What it does||Chair action?||Needs second?||Debate-
|Needed for adoption||Language|
|Withdraw motion||Rejects the motion, or resolution, without (further) debate||No||No||No||No||See note***||"I move that I be permitted to withdraw the motion/Resolution NNNN."|
|Divide the question||Separates a resolution into two distinct resolutions||No||Yes||No||Yes||Majority||"I move to divide Resolution NNNN so as to consider separately the issue [issue 1] and the issue [issue 2]. Please see [url] for the two proposed separate resolutions."|
|Amend||Replaces a resolution with a changed, but very similar, resolution||No||Yes||See
|Yes||Majority||"I move to amend Resolution NNNN according to..." give URL of amended resolution; then enumerate change(s) and link to difference page.|
|Reconsider a motion||Adds a fresh copy of a previously considered resolution (as amended) to the queue; or renews a previously considered motion about a resolution not yet decided upon||No||Yes||See
|No||Majority||"I move to reconsider the vote on..."|
|Rescind a resolution||Repeals or nullifies a resolution||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Two-thirds||"I move that Resolution NNNN be rescinded."|
|All other motions|
|Motion name||What it does||Chair action?||Needs second?||Debate-
|Needed for adoption||Language|
|Vote on the issue of purview||Rejects the resolution without (further) debate (on grounds that it is outside the purview of the Editorial Council)||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Majority||"I move that Resolution NNNN be summarily rejected, without (further) discussion, on grounds that it is not within the purview of the Editorial Council."|
|Reverse Chair action||Nullifies a specific Chair action and requires the Chair, or the Council, to set new deadlines if necessary||No||Yes||No||No||Majority||"I move that the Council reverse the Chair action, [describe]."|
|Commit a resolution||Places a resolution, or other motion before the Council, into the hands of a committee, who reports back within a given amount of time||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Majority||"I move to refer Resolution NNNN/the motion to the X Committee."|
|Recess||Turns off the mailing list and forbids discussion and voting for a specified period||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||Majority||"I move to recess until..." or "I move to recess from...until..."|
- * In order for the Chair to place the resolution on the agenda, the resolution needs to have two co-sponsors. Hence, there is no need for a "second" on the mailing list.
- ** The motion, made by any other person than the Chair, carries automatically if it is made and seconded, and the amount of time requested is 24 hours or less. Otherwise, if seconded, a vote is taken. Note that the motion to extend discussion for 24 hours or less carries automatically only once. That is, the second time that such a motion is made, a vote is automatically to be taken on whether to prevent further extensions of discussion or voting.
- *** This motion can be made only by the resolution's or motion's original sponsor. Once acknowledged by the Chair, it carries without debate, but it can be overturned by the Chair or by any Member (if seconded) who moves to sponsor the resolution or motion (so long as a resolution still has three co-sponsors).
- **** Debate on a motion to amend, or reconsider, a motion is itself debatable if the motion itself is debatable.
except where they contradicted the merger. The following links are to archived and out-of-date pages:
• Resolutions • Log • Essential Policy •