United States intelligence community
The United States Intelligence Community (IC) is the set of intelligence agencies of the United States government. Since are coordinated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) since April 2005, and, from 1947 until then, by the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI). The DCI both coordinated the IC and headed the Central Intelligence Agency, but, after the creation of the DNI, the title changed to Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and was responsible for the CIA alone.
It is generally said there are 16 intelligence agencies, but some have fairly autonomous components, and there is at least one, and probably more organizations and components whose existence is not public.
In the Office of the DNI are a number of interagency centers and working groups.
- Central Intelligence Agency
- Defense Intelligence Agency
- Bureau of Intelligence and Researchm, Department of State
- Office of Intelligence & Counterintelligence, Department of Energy
- Department of Homeland Security (Office of Intelligence & Analysis)
- Department of Treasury (Office of Intelligence & Analysis)
- Drug Enforcement Administration (Office of National Security Intelligence
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (National Security Branch)
- National Reconnaissance Office (NRO)
- National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA)
- National Security Agency/Central Security Service
- United States Army
- United States Navy
- United States Air Force
- United States Marine Corps
- United States Coast Guard
Overview of functions
The matrix below is organized by intelligence disciplines. Some agencies collect information only, some analyze it only, and others do both.
Need to put in service TECHINT
TENCAP may need to be mentioned; the whole strategic vs. technical issue is a mess.
|SIGINT||NRO, NSA/CSS, Special Collection Service (SCS) ||NSA, CIA, DIA, Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines||Analytic agencies|
|MASINT||NRO, NSA/CSS, SCS, Department of Energy||DIA||Analytic agencies|
|HUMINT||CIA/NCS, FBI||CIA, FBI, ODNI||Analytic agencies|
|OSINT||ODNI Open Source Center||ODNI||Analytic agencies|
|FININT||Treasury, CIA||CIA, FBI, ODNI||Analytic agencies|
|MEDINT||DIA, CIA||CIA, FBI, ODNI||Analytic agencies|
Not quite sure whether the Center for MASINT Studies and Research, Air Force Institute of Technology, qualifies as a major operating agency.
- CSS includes Service Cryptologic Elements
- May be renamed; has been called CIA Division D. Responsible for placing SIGINT and MASINT sensors in denied areas
- Service agencies especially with respect to electronic warfare affecting their tactics
- In principle, NRO and NSA are collection (and perhaps) processing only and do not do analysis that produces finished intelligence. Other agencies do analysis