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United Nations

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The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that was founded in 1945 in San Francisco, California in the United States, when 50 nations signed the United Nations Charter. As stated in the charter, the UN's mission is to prevent international war, protect human rights, support social progress and justice, and help with economic progress.[1] The United Nations supplanted the failed League of Nations, which had been established in the 1920s.


In 1944 delegates from China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States met in Washington, D.C. to work out proposals for a United Nations Charter. On April 25 1945 the United Nations Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by representatives of 50 nations who formulated the Charter which they signed on June 26 1945, creating the United Nations. Poland, while unrepresented at the conference, later also signed the Charter, becoming one of the original 51 states that made up the UN.

The term 'United Nations' was created by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt[2] and first used in the January 1 1942 Declaration by United Nations when 26 Allied countries affirmed their willingness to continue fighting "for victory over Hitlerism".[3]


The United Nations is composed of 6 main bodies:[4]

General Assembly

There are currently 192 member states within the United Nations which together comprise the General Assembly. The head of each member nation's delegation to the United Nations is titled Ambassador, and each state is entitled to one vote.

Security Council

The Security Council has 15 members, including 5 permanent members: Russia, China, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

Economic and Social Council

Trusteeship Council

International Court of Justice


Secretary General

Departments and agencies

National representatives to these organizations may also have the rank and title of Ambassador.

Major UN roles in history


  1. United Nations - The UN Charter
  2. The Statesman's Yearbook, Macmillan Publishers, ISBN-13: 978-1-4039-9278-9
  3. United Nations - Declaration by United Nations
  4. United Nations - Main Bodies