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Difference between revisions of "Sharia"

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The term '''Sharia''',  refers to a code of conduct that is intended to regulate all human actions by  categorising  each as obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or forbidden. All of the many different Sharia codes are interpretations of the  [[Qur'an]] (the Muslim holy book), the Hadith (sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad) and the rulings of respected  Islamic scholars. Interpretation of those sources is provided separately in each community by the [[Arab Spring/Catalogs#Grand Mufti|Grand Mufti]] of that community, and there are many forms of conduct on which no international consensus has emerged. An example of the diversity of Sharia rulings is provided by the rulings concerning  music, the enjoyment of which is forbidden by Mufti al-Kawthar<ref>[http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=1786 Mufti  Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthar: ''Music and Singing: A Detailed Fatwa'']</ref>, but permitted by Mufti Gomaa
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The term '''Sharia''',  refers to a code of conduct that is intended to regulate all human actions by  categorising  each as obligatory (''fard''), recommended ('' mustahabb''), permitted (''halal''), disliked (makruh), or forbidden (''haram''). All of the many different Sharia codes are interpretations of the  [[Qur'an]] (the Muslim holy book), the Hadith (sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad) and the rulings of respected  Islamic scholars. Interpretation of those sources is provided separately in each community by the [[Arab Spring/Catalogs#Grand Mufti|Grand Mufti]] of that community, and there are many forms of conduct on which no international consensus has emerged. An example of the diversity of Sharia rulings is provided by the rulings concerning  music, the enjoyment of which is forbidden by Mufti al-Kawthar<ref>[http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=1786 Mufti  Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthar: ''Music and Singing: A Detailed Fatwa'']</ref>, but permitted by Mufti Gomaa
 
<ref>[http://www.ali-gomaa.com/?page=fatwas&fatwa_details=86 Mufti Ali Gomaa: ''What is the ruling concerning Music?'']</ref>.
 
<ref>[http://www.ali-gomaa.com/?page=fatwas&fatwa_details=86 Mufti Ali Gomaa: ''What is the ruling concerning Music?'']</ref>.
  
 
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The term Sharia, refers to a code of conduct that is intended to regulate all human actions by categorising each as obligatory (fard), recommended ( mustahabb), permitted (halal), disliked (makruh), or forbidden (haram). All of the many different Sharia codes are interpretations of the Qur'an (the Muslim holy book), the Hadith (sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad) and the rulings of respected Islamic scholars. Interpretation of those sources is provided separately in each community by the Grand Mufti of that community, and there are many forms of conduct on which no international consensus has emerged. An example of the diversity of Sharia rulings is provided by the rulings concerning music, the enjoyment of which is forbidden by Mufti al-Kawthar[1], but permitted by Mufti Gomaa [2].