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Romance languages/Catalogs/List of Romance languages

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List and classification

The following list of Romance languages is based on books written by recognized scholars, especially Pierre Bec[1], Jacques Allières[2], Rebecca Posner[3], Holtus & Meteltin & Schmitt [4] and M. Metzeltin[5].

Another classification, especially supported by Gerhard Rohlfs[7], divides the Romance languages between Eastern Romania and Western Romania (Romania being a Latin name for the Romance-speaking world). The dividing line between the two groups splits Italy from La Spezia to Rimini (or more exactly from Carrara to Senigallia), setting Northern Italian in Western Romania and Italian proper in Eastern Romania.

  • Eastern Romania comprises Romanian, Dalmatian, Italian proper and Corsican.
  • Western Romania comprises Northern Italian, Friulian, Ladin, Romansh, French, Francoprovençal, Occitan, Catalan, Aragonese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Galician-Portuguese and Mozarabic.
  • The very conservative Sardinian language remains intermediary between the two groups.


  1. BEC Pierre (1970-71) (collab. Octave NANDRIS, Žarko MULJAČIĆ), Manuel pratique de philologie romane, Paris: Picard, 2 vol.
  2. ALLIÈRES Jacques (2001) Manuel de linguistique romane, coll. Bibliothèque de grammaire et de linguistique, Paris: Honoré Champion
  3. POSNER Rebecca (1996) The Romance languages, coll. Cambridge language surveys, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  4. HOLTUS Günter, & METZELTIN Michael, & SCHMITT Christian (1991) (dir.) Lexikon der Romanistischen Linguistik [LRL], Tübingen: Niemeyer, 8 vol.
  5. METZELTIN Miguel (2004) Las lenguas románicas estándar: historia de su formación y de su uso, Oviedo/Uviéu: Academia de la Llingua Asturiana
  6. HULL Geoffrey (1982) The linguistic unity of Northern Italy and Rhaetia [PhD thesis], Sydney: University of Sydney, 2 vol.
  7. ROHLFS Gerhard (1937) La struttura linguistica dell’Italia, Leipzig