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< Metaphor
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A list of key readings about Metaphor.
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  • Brigitte Nerlich and David D. Clarke. (2001) Mind, meaning and metaphor: the philosophy and psychology of metaphor in 19th-century Germany. History of the Human Sciences 14:39-61.
    • From Abstract: This article explores a German philosophy of metaphor, which proposed a close link between the body and the mind as the basis for metaphor, debunked the view that metaphor is just a decorative rhetorical device and questioned the distinction between the literal and the figurative….thinkers contributed to a philosophy and psychology of the metaphoric according to which metaphors are not only nice, but necessary for the structure and growth of human thought and language. Obvious parallels between this 19th-century philosophy of metaphor and the 20th-century theory of metaphor developed by Lakoff and his followers.
  • Lakoff G. (1993) The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor.
    • Excerpt: The generalizations governing poetic metaphorical expressions are not in language, but in thought: They are general map pings across conceptual domains. Moreover, these general principles which take the form of conceptual mappings, apply not just to novel poetic expressions, but to much of ordinary everyday language. In short, the locus of metaphor is not in language at all, but in the way we conceptualize one mental domain in terms of another.