Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defence Army or Israel Defence Forces (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל, acronym: IDF or צה"ל, Tsah-hál) is the name of the military external defence forces of the state of [Israeli|Israel]. The IDF is a small, modern army comprised of career army soldiers, conscripted soldiers and a reserve force.
The IDF was founded on May 26, 1948, shortly after the founding of the state of Israel. It succeeded (and combined it its name) by the pre-state Haganah organisation.
Its doctrine is founded on a highly educated and motivated population, as high a technology base as anywhere in the world, and intensive training. IDF describes its basic doctrine:
- Basic points
- Israel cannot afford to lose a single war
- Defensive on the strategic level, no territorial ambitions
- Desire to avoid war by political means and a credible deterrent posture
- Preventing escalation
- Determine the outcome of war quickly and decisively
- Combating terrorism
- Very low casualty ratio
- Prepare for Defense
- A small standing army with an early warning capability, regular air force and navy
- An efficient reserve mobilization and transportation system
- Move to Counter-Attack
- Multi-arm coordination
- Transferring the battle to enemy's territory quickly
- Quick attainment of war objectives
A high-level view divides it into four regional commands, the main branches of service that prepare troops, a General Staff, and various supporting and staff organizations. The Chief of Staff of the Israeli Defense Forces is the senior officer and only lieutenant general, currently Gabi Ashkenazi.
- Main Doctrine, Israel Defense Forces