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Humanitarian daily ration

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Instructions intended for Afghan refugees for human daily rations.(PD) Image: United States Department of Defense
Humanitarian daily rations and contents.
Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.

Human daily ration is the name for an emergency ration, with a long shelf-life, intended to be used for refugees during natural diasters, or in conflict areas.[1][2][3]

The rations were first used in Bosnia in 1993.[4]

The meals are designed to be able to survive being air-dropped, without a parachute.[5] This is safer for the refugees than parachuting large palletes of rations. And it prevents hoarding of the meals by a few individuals.

The meals cost approximately 20 % the cost of a meal ready to eat.[5].

Initially the rations came in a yellow wrapper. But it is the same color as cluster bombs.[6]

Shelf life 36 months at 80 F
Weight 30 ounces
Kilo Calories at least 2200 per package
Protein content 10-13 percent
Fat content 27-30 percent
Carbohydrate content 60 percent
Prohibited contents Any animal products, except a limited amount of dairy prodcuts, below the limit that would cause a problem for a person with lactose intolerance.
Infant component All rations contain a fruit paste, suitable for feeding to infants
Utensils' All rations contain a spoon and a paper towel moistened with a non-toxic, non-alcoholic cleanser


  1. 1.0 1.1 TECHNICAL DATA FOR HUMANITARIAN DAILY RATION. United States Department of Defense. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Operational Rations. United States Defense Logistics Agency. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  3. Judith McCallum. Humanitarian Daily Rations: Being Ready is Half the Battle, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Winter 2001. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  4. MEMORANDUM FOR CORRESPONDENTS. United States Department of Defense (August 2, 1995). Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 . Humanitarian Daily Rations. DCSA. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  6. Albin R. Majewski. The Alphabet Soup of Combat Rations, United States Army, Winter 2001. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.