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Difference between revisions of "Humanitarian daily ration"

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[[Image:Human daily ration leaflet as distributed in Afghanistan.jpg|right|thumb|350px|Instructions intended for Afghan refugees for human daily rations.{{Human daily ration leaflet as distributed in Afghanistan.jpg/credit}}]]
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{{Image|Human daily ration leaflet as distributed in Afghanistan.jpg|right|200px|Instructions intended for Afghan refugees for human daily rations.{{Human daily ration leaflet as distributed in Afghanistan.jpg/credit}}}}
[[Image:Humanitarian daily rations and contents.jpg|thumb|Humanitarian daily rations and contents.]]
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[[Image:Humanitarian daily rations and contents.jpg|thumb|200px|Humanitarian daily rations and contents.]]
[[Image:Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.jpg|thumb|Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.]]
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'''Humanitarian daily ration''' is the name for an emergency ration, with a long shelf-life,<ref name=DSCAJudithMccallum>
'''Human daily ration''' is the name for an emergency ration, with a long shelf-life, intended to be used for refugees
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during natural diasters, or in conflict areas.<ref name=DlaMilHumanDailyRation>
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{{cite web
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| url=http://www.dscp.dla.mil/subs/rations/programs/tdsevn.pdf
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| title=TECHNICAL DATA FOR HUMANITARIAN DAILY RATION
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| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense]]
+
| accessdate=2007-10-18
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}}</ref><ref name=DefenseLogisticsAgencyOperationalRations>
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{{cite web
+
| url=http://www.dscp.dla.mil/subs/rations/programs/hdr/hdrabt.asp
+
| title=Operational Rations
+
| publisher=[[United States Defense Logistics Agency]]
+
| accessdate=2007-10-18
+
}}</ref><ref name=DSCAJudithMccallum>
+
 
{{cite news
 
{{cite news
 
| url=http://www.disam.dsca.mil/pubs/Journal%20Index/journals/Journal_Index/v.23_2/McCallum_Human_Daily_Ration.pdf
 
| url=http://www.disam.dsca.mil/pubs/Journal%20Index/journals/Journal_Index/v.23_2/McCallum_Human_Daily_Ration.pdf
 
| title=Humanitarian Daily Rations: Being Ready is Half the Battle
 
| title=Humanitarian Daily Rations: Being Ready is Half the Battle
 
| publisher=[[Defense Security Cooperation Agency]]
 
| publisher=[[Defense Security Cooperation Agency]]
| author=[[Judith McCallum]]
+
| author=Judith McCallum
 
| date=Winter 2001
 
| date=Winter 2001
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
}}</ref>
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}}</ref> intended to be used for refugees
 
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during natural disasters, or in conflict areas.<ref name=DlaMilHumanDailyRation>
The rations were first used in [[Bosnia (country)|Bosnia]] in 1993.<ref name=Defenselink19950802>
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{{cite web
 
{{cite web
| url=http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Aug1995/m080295_m-174-95.html
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| url=http://www.dscp.dla.mil/subs/rations/programs/tdsevn.pdf
| title=MEMORANDUM FOR CORRESPONDENTS
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| title=Technical Data for Humanitarian Daily Ration
| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense]]
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| publisher=[[U.S.  Department of Defense]]
| date=[[August 2]], [[1995]]
+
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
}}</ref>
 
}}</ref>
  
The meals are designed to be able to survive being air-dropped, without a parachute.<ref name=DcsaHumanitarianDailyRations>.
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The meals are designed to be able to survive being air-dropped, without a parachute.<ref name=DcsaHumanitarianDailyRations>
 
{{cite web
 
{{cite web
 
| url=http://www.dsca.mil/programs/HA/HUMANITARIAN%20DAILY%20RATIONS.pdf
 
| url=http://www.dsca.mil/programs/HA/HUMANITARIAN%20DAILY%20RATIONS.pdf
 
| title=Humanitarian Daily Rations
 
| title=Humanitarian Daily Rations
| publisher=[[DCSA]]
+
| publisher=DCSA
 +
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 +
}}</ref>
 +
This is safer for the refugees than parachuting large pallets of rations.  And it prevents hoarding of the meals by a few individuals. The meals cost approximately 20 % the cost of a [[meal ready to eat]].<ref name=DefenseLogisticsAgencyOperationalRations>
 +
{{cite web
 +
| url=http://www.dscp.dla.mil/subs/rations/programs/hdr/hdrabt.asp
 +
| title=Operational Rations
 +
| publisher=[[United States Defense Logistics Agency]]
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
}}</ref>
 
}}</ref>
This is safer for the refugees than parachuting large palletes of rations.  And it prevents hoarding of the meals by a few individuals.
 
  
The meals cost approximately 20 % the cost of a [[meal ready to eat]].<ref name=DcsaHumanitarianDailyRations/>.
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Initially the rations came in a yellow wrapper, but that was the same color as a [[cluster submunition|antipersonnel cluster submunition]]. The color was changed so civilians would not pick up a dangerous unexploded munition thinking it was food.
 
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<ref name=QuartermastAlphabetSoup>{{cite news
Initially the rations came in a yellow wrapper.  But it is the same color as cluster bombs.<ref name=QuartermastAlphabetSoup>
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{{cite news
+
 
| url=http://www.quartermaster.army.mil/oqmg/professional_bulletin/2001/Winter01/The_Alphabet_Soup_of_Combat_Rations.htm
 
| url=http://www.quartermaster.army.mil/oqmg/professional_bulletin/2001/Winter01/The_Alphabet_Soup_of_Combat_Rations.htm
 
| title=The Alphabet Soup of Combat Rations
 
| title=The Alphabet Soup of Combat Rations
 
| publisher=[[United States Army]]
 
| publisher=[[United States Army]]
| author=[[Albin R. Majewski]]
+
| author=Albin R. Majewski
 
| date=Winter 2001
 
| date=Winter 2001
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 
}}</ref>
 
}}</ref>
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
|+ '''Specifications'''<ref name=DlaMilHumanDailyRation/><ref name=DefenseLogisticsAgencyOperationalRations/><ref name=DcsaHumanitarianDailyRations/>
+
|+ '''Specifications'''<ref name=DefenseLogisticsAgencyOperationalRations/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Shelf life''' || 36 months at 80 F
 
| '''Shelf life''' || 36 months at 80 F
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| '''Carbohydrate content''' || 60 percent
 
| '''Carbohydrate content''' || 60 percent
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Prohibited contents''' || Any animal products, except a limited amount of dairy prodcuts, below the limit that would cause a problem for a person with [[lactose intolerance]].
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| '''Prohibited contents''' || Any animal products, except a limited amount of dairy products, below the limit that would cause a problem for a person with [[lactose intolerance]].
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Infant component''' || All rations contain a fruit paste, suitable for feeding to infants
 
| '''Infant component''' || All rations contain a fruit paste, suitable for feeding to infants
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| '''Utensils'''' || All rations contain a spoon and a paper towel moistened with a non-toxic, non-alcoholic cleanser
 
| '''Utensils'''' || All rations contain a spoon and a paper towel moistened with a non-toxic, non-alcoholic cleanser
 
|}
 
|}
 
+
{{Image|Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.jpg|left|150px|Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.}}
 +
The rations were first used in [[Bosnia (country)|Bosnia]] in 1993.<ref name=Defenselink19950802>
 +
{{cite web
 +
| url=http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Aug1995/m080295_m-174-95.html
 +
| title=Memorandum for Correspondents
 +
| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense]]
 +
| date=August 2, 1995
 +
| accessdate=2007-10-18
 +
}}</ref>
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 05:53, 7 February 2010

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(PD) Image: United States Department of Defense
Instructions intended for Afghan refugees for human daily rations.(PD) Image: United States Department of Defense
Humanitarian daily rations and contents.

Humanitarian daily ration is the name for an emergency ration, with a long shelf-life,[1] intended to be used for refugees during natural disasters, or in conflict areas.[2]

The meals are designed to be able to survive being air-dropped, without a parachute.[3] This is safer for the refugees than parachuting large pallets of rations. And it prevents hoarding of the meals by a few individuals. The meals cost approximately 20 % the cost of a meal ready to eat.[4]

Initially the rations came in a yellow wrapper, but that was the same color as a antipersonnel cluster submunition. The color was changed so civilians would not pick up a dangerous unexploded munition thinking it was food. [5]





Specifications[4]
Shelf life 36 months at 80 F
Weight 30 ounces
Kilo Calories at least 2200 per package
Protein content 10-13 percent
Fat content 27-30 percent
Carbohydrate content 60 percent
Prohibited contents Any animal products, except a limited amount of dairy products, below the limit that would cause a problem for a person with lactose intolerance.
Infant component All rations contain a fruit paste, suitable for feeding to infants
Utensils' All rations contain a spoon and a paper towel moistened with a non-toxic, non-alcoholic cleanser
(PD) Image: United States Defense Logistics Agency
Salmon colored Humanitarian Daily Ration.

The rations were first used in Bosnia in 1993.[6]

References

  1. Judith McCallum. Humanitarian Daily Rations: Being Ready is Half the Battle, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Winter 2001. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  2. Technical Data for Humanitarian Daily Ration. U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  3. Humanitarian Daily Rations. DCSA. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Operational Rations. United States Defense Logistics Agency. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  5. Albin R. Majewski. The Alphabet Soup of Combat Rations, United States Army, Winter 2001. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  6. Memorandum for Correspondents. United States Department of Defense (August 2, 1995). Retrieved on 2007-10-18.