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English spellings/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes and topics related to English spellings, or pages that link to English spellings or to this page or whose text .
- Apostrophe : Sign marking absence of a letter and, in English, possessive case.
- Hyphen : A line (-), shorter than a dash (–), used to join words, as in 'word-joining is easy where hyphens are abundant'.
- English phonemes : A list of abstract sound units and their various spellings.
- Spelling pronunciation : Pronunciation of a word that differs from the historically established one, arising on the basis of the word's spelling.
- Misspelling : A non-standard spelling that is not an accepted spelling variant; for English, see Common misspellings.
- Letter (alphabet) : Symbol in an alphabetic script, usually denoting one or more phonemes; for example, in the English alphabet the letter <a> can represent the phoneme /æ/ as in mat and /eɪ/ as in mate.
- Alphabet : Writing system in which symbols - single or multiple letters, such as <a> or <ch> - represent phonemes (significant 'sounds') of a language.
- Writing system : A set of signs used to represent a language, such as an alphabet, or a set of rules used to write a language, such as conventions of spelling and punctuation.
- Orthography : Art or study of correct spelling and grammar according to established usage.
- Written language : The communication and representation of a language by means of a writing system.
- Writing : The process of recording thoughts or speech in a visually or haptically retrievable manner.
- English irregular nouns : English language nouns whose plural forms do not follow the standard rule of adding an –s to the end.
- English irregular verbs : English language verbs whose past and past participle tense forms do not follow the standard rules of add –d or -ed to the end but instead have special forms.
- Silent letters in English : English letter or letters within a particular word, which are not heard in the pronunciation of the word, but appear in the spelling—and the opposite.
- French words in English : French words and phrases in English, including a catalog.
- British and American English : A comparison between these two language variants in terms of vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation.
- Glottal stop : Type of consonantal sound or part of sound found in many languages, produced by a complete closure of the vocal cords; for example, the [t] sound in English may be partially or completely replaced by a glottal stop, which briefly halts the airflow from the lungs, or a glottal closure may combine with other articulatory movements to form ejective or implosive sounds.
- Schwa : Mid-central neutral vowel, typically occurring in unstressed syllables and, in some systems of phonetic transcription, a stressed mid-central vowel.
- Homophone : A word pronounced the same way as another; may be spelt differently if the language is also written.
- Ñ : The Spanish letter representing the sound [nj].