NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Echis coloratus

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.
Echis coloratus
Palestine saw-scaled viper
Palestine saw-scaled viper
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Genus: Echis
Species: E. coloratus
Binomial name
Echis coloratus
Günther, 1878
  • Echis froenata - Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854
  • E[chis]. carinata var. frenata - Jan, 1863
  • Echis colorata - Günther, 1878
  • Echis frenata - Pfeffer, 1893
  • Echis coloratus - Boulenger, 1896
  • Echis coloratus coloratus - Cherlin, 1983
  • Echis [(Turanechis)] froenatus - Cherlin, 1990[1]

Common names: painted saw-scaled viper,[2] painted carpet viper,[3] Burton's carpet viper,[3] more.  
Echis coloratus is a venomous viper species found in the Middle East and Egypt.[1] No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]


Grows to a maximum length of 75 cm.[2]

Common names

painted saw-scaled viper,[2] painted carpet viper,[3] Burton's carpet viper,[3] Palestine saw-scaled viper,[5] Arabian saw-scaled viper, Mid-East saw-scaled viper.[6]

Geographic range

Found in the Middle East in Sinai, Israel and Jordan. On the Arabian Peninsula it is found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman. In Africa it occurs only in southeastern Egypt east of the Nile and as far south as the 24th parallel. The type locality given is "Jebel Shárr, at an altitude of 4500 feet ... Midian" (Saudi Arabia, 1371 m altitude).[1]


Occurs in rocky deserts, from sea level to altitudes as high as 2500 m. Not found in sandy deserts.[3]


In order to maintain nomenclatural stability, Stimson (1974) proposed that E. coloratus be validated over E. froenata. The ICZN subsequently gave coloratus precedence over froenata by use of its plenary powers.[1]

See also

Cited references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Ralph Curtis Books. Dubai: Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
  4. Echis coloratus (TSN 634968) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 11 April 2007.
  5. Species Echis coloratus at the Species2000 Database
  6. Echis coloratus at Munich AntiVenom INdex

External links