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Cumulative trauma disorder

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In medicine, cumulative trauma disorder, also called overuse injury, repetitive or repetition strain injury, is a "harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves."[1][2]

Examples in the upper extremities include carpal tunnel syndrome.

Examples in the lower extremities include iliotibial band syndrome (lateral knee pain) and maybe patellofemoral pain syndrome[3][4] (anterior knee pain that is also called retropatellar pain syndrome, jumper's knee, or runner's knee).


  1. Anonymous (2020), Cumulative trauma disorder (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Wilson JJ, Best TM (September 2005). "Common overuse tendon problems: A review and recommendations for treatment". Am Fam Physician 72 (5): 811–8. PMID 16156339[e]
  3. Dixit S, DiFiori JP, Burton M, Mines B (January 2007). "Management of patellofemoral pain syndrome". Am Fam Physician 75 (2): 194–202. PMID 17263214[e]
  4. Brushøj C, Hölmich P, Nielsen MB, Albrecht-Beste E (January 2008). "Acute patellofemoral pain: aggravating activities, clinical examination, MRI and ultrasound findings". Br J Sports Med 42 (1): 64–7; discussion 67. DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2006.034215. PMID 17562742. Research Blogging.