NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Chemical weapon

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Revision as of 02:38, 25 June 2008 by Howard C. Berkowitz (Talk | contribs) (New page: {{subpages}} A '''chemical weapon''' is a chemical, with a delivery system that can deliver the agent in militarily significant concentrations, the primary effect of which is to injure or ...)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

A chemical weapon is a chemical, with a delivery system that can deliver the agent in militarily significant concentrations, the primary effect of which is to injure or kill through poisoning. While explosives and incendiaries are indeed chemical compounds, since their major military effect is through blast or heat, they are not considered chemical weapons.

The production and use of chemical weapons is internationally banned by the Chemical Weapons Convention. Historically, the most extensive use of lethal chemical weapons was in the First World War, although they were used sporadically in counterinsurgency, or in the Second World War Japanese campaign against China.

History

While there were proposals, for example, for the use of chemical weapons in the American Civil War, the first large-scale use was in World War I.

World War I

Interwar

World War II

Vietnam

Types

Antipersonnel lethal or casualty

Choking gases

Blood gases

Vesicants

Nerve agents

  • Binaries
G-agents
V-agents
Novichuk agents

Incapacitating

Tear gas

Vomiting gas

Psychoactives

Herbicides

References

Delivery systems

Significance in terrorism