Books of the Bible
Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap. A table comparing the canons of these denominations appears below, for both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. For a detailed discussion of the differences, see "Biblical canon".
The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have minor differences in their lists of accepted books. The list given here for these churches is the most inclusive: if at least one Eastern church accepts the book, it is included here. The books included by the Roman Catholic Church are universally included in the Eastern canons.
Old Testament (including Tanakh)
A table cell with an asterisk (*) indicates that a book is present but in a different order. Empty cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon; such books are often called apocrypha, a term that is sometimes used specifically (and possibly pejoratively) to describe the books in the Catholic canon that are absent from the Protestant Bible; Catholics describe these books as deuterocanonical.
In general, among Christian groups the New Testament canon is agreed-upon, although book order can vary.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its canon: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, and some uniquely Ethiopian books. There is a matter of some controversy as to what constitutes "canon" in this religious body. The Peshitta excludes 2-3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation, but Bibles of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church includes later translations of those books. Third Epistle to the Corinthians was once considered part of the Armenian Orthodox Bible.
- Names in brackets are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
- Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
- The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
- The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; modern Catholic translations place them after Esther.
- Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151, not present in all canons.
- The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Tanakhs.
- In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Tanakh.
- Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
- In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Tanakh.
- These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.
- Bible Prophecy and History – an Evangelical perspective Canon 325AD, translation issues, historically proven prophecy.
- The Canon of Scripture – a Catholic perspective Canon 1546AD
- The Tanakh at Breslov.com - Masoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan translations.
- Articles on Various Books from Biblical Resource Database
- Judaica Press Translation - Online Jewish translation of the books of the Bible. The Tanakh and Rashi's entire commentary.
- Protestant Bible at BibleGateway.com 50 versions in 35 languages, searchable by verse or keyword.
- Protestant Bible at BlueLetterBible.org King James Version with Strong's Hebrew/Greek Concordance, many tools.
- Slavonic Bible
- Books of the Apocrypha (from the UMC)
- Armenian Bible (an essay, with full official canon at the end)
- Ethiopian Orthodox "narrow canon" (from the UMC)
- The Book That Bridges Millennia (online video and exploration of Biblical beginnings, authority, canonization, translation, and interpretation from the UMC)