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Books of the Bible

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Revision as of 04:57, 21 May 2007 by Tim McCully (Talk | contribs) (Tanakh)

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Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap. A table comparing the canons of these denominations appears below, for both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. For a detailed discussion of the differences, see "Biblical canon".

The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have minor differences in their lists of accepted books. The list given here for these churches is the most inclusive: if at least one Eastern church accepts the book, it is included here. The books included by the Roman Catholic Church are universally included in the Eastern canons.

Tanakh

A table cell with an asterisk (*) indicates that a book is present but in a different order. Empty cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon; such books are often called apocrypha, a term that is sometimes used specifically (and possibly pejoratively) to describe the books in the Catholic canon that are absent from the Protestant Bible; Catholics describe these books as deuterocanonical.

As of 05/20/2007 this table began as a verbatim copy of Wikipedia's Books_of_the_Bible page.

Tanakh
Protestant Old Testament Catholic Old Testament Eastern Orthodox Old Testament Slavonic Old Testament
Torah or Pentateuch
Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy
Nevi'im or Prophets
Historical books
Joshua Joshua Josue Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges Judges Judges
see below Ruth Ruth Ruth Ruth
Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)[1] 1 Kingdoms
2 Samuel 2 Kings 2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)[1] 2 Kingdoms
Kings 1 Kings 3 Kings 1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)[1] 3 Kingdoms
2 Kings 4 Kings 2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)[1] 4 Kingdoms
Chronicles
see below
1 Chronicles 1 Paralipomenon 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles 2 Paralipomenon 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
1 Esdras
(2 Esdras)*
Ezra (includes Nehemiah)
see below
Ezra 1 Esdras Ezra (2 Esdras)[1] [2] Ezra
Nehemiah 2 Esdras (Nehemias) Nehemiah (2 Esdras)[1] [2] Nehemiah
(1 Esdras)* 2 Esdras
Tobias Tobit Tobit
Judith Judith Judith
see below Esther Esther[3] Esther[3] Esther[3]
1 Machabees[4] 1 Maccabees see below
2 Machabees[4] 2 Maccabees see below
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
Wisdom books
see below Job Job Job Job
see below Psalms Psalms Psalms[5] Psalms[5]
Odes[6]
see below Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs
see below Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
see below Song of Solomon Canticle of Canticles Song of Solomon Song of Songs
Wisdom Wisdom Wisdom of Solomon
Ecclesiasticus Sirach Sirach
Major prophets
Isaiah Isaiah Isaias Isaiah Isaiah
Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremias Jeremiah Jeremiah
see below Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations of Jeremiah
* * Letter of Jeremiah
Baruch[7] Baruch[7] Baruch[7]
Letter of Jeremiah[8] *
Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezechiel Ezekiel Ezekiel
see below Daniel Daniel[9] Daniel[9] Daniel[9]
Minor prophets
The Twelve Prophets Hosea Osee Hosea Hosea
Joel Joel Joel Joel
Amos Amos Amos Amos
Obadiah Abdias Obadiah Obadiah
Jonah Jonas Jonah Jonah
Micah Micaeus Micah Micah
Nahum Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk Habacuc Habakkuk Habakkuk
Zephaniah Sophonias Zephaniah Zephaniah
Haggai Aggaeus Haggai Haggai
Zechariah Zacharias Zechariah Zechariah
Malachi Malachias Malachi Malachi
Ketuvim or Writings[10]
Psalms
Proverbs
Job
Song of Songs
Ruth
Lamentations
Ecclesiastes
Esther
Daniel
Ezra (includes Nehemiah)
Chronicles
see above[4] 1 Maccabees
see above[4] 2 Maccabees
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Names in brackets are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; modern Catholic translations place them after Esther.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151, not present in all canons.
  6. The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Tanakhs.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Tanakh.
  8. Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Tanakh.
  10. These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.