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Difference between revisions of "Books of the Bible"

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(Old Testament (including Tanakh): adding table of books)
(Old Testament (including Tanakh))
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The Protestant Old Testament is identical to the Tanakh in contents, but different in arrangement. The usual Christian arrangement of both Old and New Testaments is into historical, teaching and prophetic (past, present and future). This is not usually made explicit in the tables of contents of English Bibles, though it is commoner in German and Latin ones. The Roman Catholic Old Testament includes additional books (marked here with *) and passages in other books (marked with †).
+
The Protestant Old Testament is identical to the Tanakh in contents, but different in arrangement. The usual Christian arrangement of both Old and New Testaments is into historical, teaching and prophetic (past, present and future). This is not usually made explicit in the tables of contents of English Bibles, though it is common in German and Latin ones. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Old Testaments sometimes include additional passages in other books (marked with †).
 +
 
 +
{|class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Protestant <br> Old Testament
 +
! Roman Catholic <br> Old Testament
 +
! Eastern Orthodox <br> Old Testament
 +
|- align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" align="center" bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''Pentateuch'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 1. Genesis
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 1. Genesis
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 1. Genesis
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 2. Exodus
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 2. Exodus
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 2. Exodus
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 3. Leviticus 
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 3. Leviticus 
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 3. Leviticus 
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 4. Numbers
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 4. Numbers
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 4. Numbers
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 5. Deuteronomy
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 5. Deuteronomy
 +
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | 5. Deuteronomy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" align="center" bgcolor="#66FFCC" | '''Historical Books'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 6. Joshua
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 6. Joshua
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 6. Joshua
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 7. Judges
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 7. Judges
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 7. Judges
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 8. Ruth
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 8. Ruth
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 8. Ruth
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 9. 1 Samuel
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 9. 1 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 9. 1 Kingdoms
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 10. 2 Samuel
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 10. 2 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 10. 2 Kingdoms
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 11. 1 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 11. 3 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 11. 3 Kingdoms
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 12. 2 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 12. 4 Kings
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 12. 4 Kingdoms
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 13. 1 Chronicles
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 13. 1 Paralipomenon <br>
 +
: (or 1 Chronicles)
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 13. 1 Paralipomenon <br>
 +
: (or 1 Chronicles)
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 14. 2 Chronicles
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 14. 2 Paralipomenon <br>
 +
: (or 2 Chronicles)
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 14. 2 Paralipomenon <br>
 +
: (or 2 Chronicles)
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 15. 1 Esdras
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 15. Ezra
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 15. 1 Esdras
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 16. 2 Esdras
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 16. Nehemiah
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 16. 2 Esdras
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 17. Nehemiah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 17. Tobit
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 18. Judith
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 17. Esther
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 18. Esther <br>
 +
: includes additional sections
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 19. Esther <br>
 +
: includes additional sections
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 19. 1 Maccabees
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 20. 1 Maccabees
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 20. 2 Maccabees
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 21. 2 Maccabees
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#66FFCC" | 22. 3 Maccabees
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" align="center" bgcolor="#CCFF00" | '''Wisdom Literature'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 18. Job
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 19. Job
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 23. Job
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 19. Psalms
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 20. Psalms
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 24. Psalms <br>
 +
: includes ''Psalm 151'' and ''Odes''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 20. Proverbs
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 21. Proverbs
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 25. Proverbs
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 21. Ecclesiastes
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 22. Ecclesiastes
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 26. Ecclesiastes
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 22. Song of Solomon
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 23. Canticle of Canticles
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 27. Asma <br>
 +
: (or Canticle of Canticles)
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#FFFFCC" |
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 24. Wisdom of Solomon
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 28. Wisdom of Solomon
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#FFFFCC" |
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 25. Ecclesiasticus (Sirach)
 +
| bgcolor="#CCFF00" | 29. Wisdom of Sirach
 +
|-
 +
 
 +
| colspan="3" align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Major Prophets'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 23. Isaiah
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 26. Isaiah
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 30. Isaiah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 24. Jeremiah
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 27. Jeremiah
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 31. Jeremiah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 28. Baruch <br>
 +
: (includes Epistle of Jeremiah)
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 32. Baruch
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" |
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 33. Epistle of Jeremiah
 +
|-
 +
 
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 25. Lamentations
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 29. Lamentations
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 34. Lamentations
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 26. Ezekiel
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 30. Ezekiel
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 35. Ezekiel
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 27. Daniel
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 31. Daniel <br>
 +
: includes additional sections
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 36. Daniel <br>
 +
: includes additional sections
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="Silver" |
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 37. 4 Maccabees
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" align="center" bgcolor="#00CCFF" | '''Minor Prophets'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 28. Hosea
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 32. Hosea
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 38. Hosea
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 29. Joel
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 33. Joel
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 39. Joel
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 30. Amos
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 34. Amos
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 40. Amos
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 31. Obadiah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 35. Obadiah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 41. Obadiah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 32. Jonah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 36. Jonah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 42. Jonah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 33. Micah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 37. Micah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 43. Micah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 34. Nahum
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 38. Nahum
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 44. Nahum
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 35. Habakkuk
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 39. Habakkuk
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 45. Habakkuk
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 36. Zephaniah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 40. Zephaniah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 46. Zephaniah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 37. Haggai
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 41. Haggai
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 47. Haggai
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 38. Zechariah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 42. Zechariah
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 48. Zechariah
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 39. Malachi
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 43. Malachi
 +
| bgcolor="#00CCFF" | 49. Malachi
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
  
*historical books
 
**Pentateuch
 
***Genesis
 
***Exodus
 
***Leviticus
 
***Numbers
 
***Deuteronomy
 
**Joshua
 
**Judges
 
**Ruth
 
**Samuel (2 books)
 
**Kings (2 books)
 
**Chronicles (2 books)
 
**Ezra
 
**Nehemiah
 
**Tobit*
 
**Judith*
 
**Esther†
 
**1 Maccabees*
 
**2 Maccabees*
 
*teaching books
 
**Job
 
**Psalms
 
**Proverbs
 
**Ecclesiastes
 
**Song of Songs or Song of Solomon
 
**Wisdom*
 
**Ecclesiasticus or Sirach*
 
*prophetic books
 
**Isaiah
 
**Jeremiah
 
**Lamentations
 
**Baruch*
 
**Ezekiel
 
**Daniel†
 
**Hosea
 
**Joel
 
**Amos
 
**Obadiah
 
**Jonah
 
**Micah
 
**Nahum
 
**Habakkuk
 
**Zephaniah
 
**Haggai
 
**Zechariah
 
**Malachi
 
  
 
The Eastern Orthodox Church has never considered it important to define a definite canon of scripture. On the whole, it theoretically recognizes only the Protestant canon of the Old Testament as fully canonical inspired scripture, but other works are regarded as part of the scriptures and in practice treated little differently. These include the works marked above and others, varying between branches: this too does not seem to be considered important. Early Protestant Bibles and some more recent ones included the extra books and some others in a separate section, usually between the Old and New Testaments and under the title Apocrypha, sometimes with notes explaining their inferior status. A similar practice is followed in recent ecumenical Bibles.
 
The Eastern Orthodox Church has never considered it important to define a definite canon of scripture. On the whole, it theoretically recognizes only the Protestant canon of the Old Testament as fully canonical inspired scripture, but other works are regarded as part of the scriptures and in practice treated little differently. These include the works marked above and others, varying between branches: this too does not seem to be considered important. Early Protestant Bibles and some more recent ones included the extra books and some others in a separate section, usually between the Old and New Testaments and under the title Apocrypha, sometimes with notes explaining their inferior status. A similar practice is followed in recent ecumenical Bibles.

Revision as of 20:40, 22 January 2009

This article is developing and not approved.
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Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap.

Old Testament (including Tanakh)

The Tanakh, or Jewish scriptures, have the following standard arrangement.

Jewish Scriptures or Tanakh
Torah
or Law
Nevi'im
or Prophets
Ketuvim
or Writings
1. Genesis
2. Exodus
3. Leviticus
4. Numbers
5. Deuteronomy

Former Prophets

6. Joshua
7. Judges
8. Samuel
9. Kings

Latter Prophets

10. Isaiah
11. Jeremiah
12. Ezekiel
13. The Twelve Prophets
a. Hosea
b. Joel
c. Amos
d. Obadiah
e. Jonah
f. Micah
g. Nahum
h. Habakkuk
i. Zephaniah
j. Haggai
k. Zechariah
l. Malachi
14. Psalms
15. Proverbs
16. Job

The Five Rolls

17. Song of Songs
18. Ruth
19. Lamentations
20. Ecclesiastes
21. Esther

22. Daniel
23. Ezra-Nehemiah
24. Chronicles

The Protestant Old Testament is identical to the Tanakh in contents, but different in arrangement. The usual Christian arrangement of both Old and New Testaments is into historical, teaching and prophetic (past, present and future). This is not usually made explicit in the tables of contents of English Bibles, though it is common in German and Latin ones. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Old Testaments sometimes include additional passages in other books (marked with †).

Protestant
Old Testament
Roman Catholic
Old Testament
Eastern Orthodox
Old Testament
Pentateuch
1. Genesis 1. Genesis 1. Genesis
2. Exodus 2. Exodus 2. Exodus
3. Leviticus 3. Leviticus 3. Leviticus
4. Numbers 4. Numbers 4. Numbers
5. Deuteronomy 5. Deuteronomy 5. Deuteronomy
Historical Books
6. Joshua 6. Joshua 6. Joshua
7. Judges 7. Judges 7. Judges
8. Ruth 8. Ruth 8. Ruth
9. 1 Samuel 9. 1 Kings 9. 1 Kingdoms
10. 2 Samuel 10. 2 Kings 10. 2 Kingdoms
11. 1 Kings 11. 3 Kings 11. 3 Kingdoms
12. 2 Kings 12. 4 Kings 12. 4 Kingdoms
13. 1 Chronicles 13. 1 Paralipomenon
(or 1 Chronicles)
13. 1 Paralipomenon
(or 1 Chronicles)
14. 2 Chronicles 14. 2 Paralipomenon
(or 2 Chronicles)
14. 2 Paralipomenon
(or 2 Chronicles)
15. 1 Esdras
15. Ezra 15. 1 Esdras 16. 2 Esdras
16. Nehemiah 16. 2 Esdras 17. Nehemiah
17. Tobit 18. Judith
17. Esther 18. Esther
includes additional sections
19. Esther
includes additional sections
19. 1 Maccabees 20. 1 Maccabees
20. 2 Maccabees 21. 2 Maccabees
22. 3 Maccabees
Wisdom Literature
18. Job 19. Job 23. Job
19. Psalms 20. Psalms 24. Psalms
includes Psalm 151 and Odes
20. Proverbs 21. Proverbs 25. Proverbs
21. Ecclesiastes 22. Ecclesiastes 26. Ecclesiastes
22. Song of Solomon 23. Canticle of Canticles 27. Asma
(or Canticle of Canticles)
24. Wisdom of Solomon 28. Wisdom of Solomon
25. Ecclesiasticus (Sirach) 29. Wisdom of Sirach
Major Prophets
23. Isaiah 26. Isaiah 30. Isaiah
24. Jeremiah 27. Jeremiah 31. Jeremiah
28. Baruch
(includes Epistle of Jeremiah)
32. Baruch
33. Epistle of Jeremiah
25. Lamentations 29. Lamentations 34. Lamentations
26. Ezekiel 30. Ezekiel 35. Ezekiel
27. Daniel 31. Daniel
includes additional sections
36. Daniel
includes additional sections
37. 4 Maccabees
Minor Prophets
28. Hosea 32. Hosea 38. Hosea
29. Joel 33. Joel 39. Joel
30. Amos 34. Amos 40. Amos
31. Obadiah 35. Obadiah 41. Obadiah
32. Jonah 36. Jonah 42. Jonah
33. Micah 37. Micah 43. Micah
34. Nahum 38. Nahum 44. Nahum
35. Habakkuk 39. Habakkuk 45. Habakkuk
36. Zephaniah 40. Zephaniah 46. Zephaniah
37. Haggai 41. Haggai 47. Haggai
38. Zechariah 42. Zechariah 48. Zechariah
39. Malachi 43. Malachi 49. Malachi


The Eastern Orthodox Church has never considered it important to define a definite canon of scripture. On the whole, it theoretically recognizes only the Protestant canon of the Old Testament as fully canonical inspired scripture, but other works are regarded as part of the scriptures and in practice treated little differently. These include the works marked above and others, varying between branches: this too does not seem to be considered important. Early Protestant Bibles and some more recent ones included the extra books and some others in a separate section, usually between the Old and New Testaments and under the title Apocrypha, sometimes with notes explaining their inferior status. A similar practice is followed in recent ecumenical Bibles.

New Testament

In general, among Christian groups the New Testament canon is agreed-upon, although book order can vary. The listing here is the normal order in English Bibles.

  • historical books
    • Gospels
      • Matthew
      • Mark
      • Luke
      • John
    • Acts of the Apostles
  • teaching books: Epistles
    • ascribed to Paul
      • Romans
      • 1 Corinthians
      • 2 Corinthians
      • Galatians
      • Ephesians
      • Philippians
      • Colossians
      • 1 Thessalonians
      • 2 Thessalonians
      • Pastoral Epistles
        • 1 Timothy
        • 2 Timothy
        • Titus
      • Philemon
      • Hebrews
    • "Catholic" Epistles
      • James
      • 1 Peter
      • 2 Peter
      • 1 John
      • 2 John
      • 3 John
      • Jude
  • prophetic book: Revelation

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its canon: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, and some uniquely Ethiopian books. There is a matter of some controversy as to what constitutes "canon" in this religious body. The Peshitta excludes 2-3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation, but Bibles of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church includes later translations of those books. Third Epistle to the Corinthians was once considered part of the Armenian Orthodox Bible.

See also

Notes

Return links: Tanakh/TanakhNew Testament

External links