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Difference between revisions of "Books of the Bible"

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(Old Testament (including Tanakh))
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== Old Testament (including Tanakh)==
 
== Old Testament (including Tanakh)==
A table cell with an asterisk (*) indicates that a book is present but in a different order. Empty cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon; such books are often called ''[[Biblical apocrypha|apocrypha]]'', a term that is sometimes used specifically (and possibly pejoratively) to describe the books in the Catholic canon that are absent from the Protestant Bible; Catholics describe these books as ''[[deuterocanonical books|deuterocanonical]]''.
 
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2"
+
The Tanakh, or Jewish scriptures, have the following standard arrangement.
|-
+
 
! ''[[Tanakh]]''<br>
+
*the Law
! Protestant Old Testament
+
**Genesis
! Catholic Old Testament
+
**Exodus
! align="center" | Eastern Orthodox Old Testament
+
**Leviticus
! Slavonic Old Testament
+
**Numbers
|- align="center"
+
**Deuteronomy
| colspan="5" rowspan="1" | ''[[Torah]] or [[Pentateuch]]''
+
*the Prophets
|-
+
**the Former Prophets
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Genesis]]
+
***Joshua
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Genesis]]
+
***Judges
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Genesis]]
+
***Samuel
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Genesis]]
+
***Kings
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Genesis]]
+
**the Latter Prophets
|-
+
***Isaiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Exodus]]
+
***Jeremiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Exodus]]
+
***Ezekiel
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Exodus]]
+
***the Twelve Prophets
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Exodus]]
+
****Hosea
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Exodus]]
+
****Joel
|-
+
****Amos
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Leviticus]]
+
****Obadiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Leviticus]]
+
****Jonah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Leviticus]]
+
****Micah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Leviticus]]
+
****Nahum
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Leviticus]]
+
****Habakkuk
|-
+
****Zephaniah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Book of Numbers|Numbers]]
+
****Haggai
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Book of Numbers|Numbers]]
+
****Zechariah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Book of Numbers|Numbers]]
+
****Malachi
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Book of Numbers|Numbers]]
+
*the Writings
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" | [[Book of Numbers|Numbers]]
+
**Psalms
|-
+
**Proverbs
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" valign="top" | [[Deuteronomy]]
+
**Job
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" valign="top" | [[Deuteronomy]]
+
**the Five Rolls
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" valign="top" | [[Deuteronomy]]
+
***Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" valign="top" | [[Deuteronomy]]
+
***Ruth
| align="center" bgcolor="#ccccff" valign="top" | [[Deuteronomy]]
+
***Lamentations
|-
+
***Ecclesiastes
|align="center" | ''[[Nevi'im]] or Prophets''
+
***Esther
| colspan="4" align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <div align="center">''Historical books''</div>
+
**Daniel
|-
+
**Ezra (including Nehemiah)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Joshua|Joshua]]
+
**Chronicles
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Joshua|Joshua]]
+
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Joshua|Josue]]
+
The Protestant Old Testament is identical to the Tanakh in contents, but different in arrangement. The Roman Catholic Old Testament includes additional books (marked here with *) and passages in other books (marked with †).
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Joshua|Joshua]]
+
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Joshua|Joshua]]
+
*historical books
|-
+
**Pentateuch
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judges|Judges]]
+
***Genesis
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judges|Judges]]
+
***Exodus
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judges|Judges]]
+
***Leviticus
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judges|Judges]]
+
***Numbers
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judges|Judges]]
+
***Deuteronomy
|-
+
**Joshua
| align="center" | see below
+
**Judges
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ruth|Ruth]]
+
**Ruth
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ruth|Ruth]]
+
**Samuel (2 books)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ruth|Ruth]]
+
**Kings (2 books)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ruth|Ruth]]
+
**Chronicles (2 books)
|-
+
**Ezra
| rowspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|Samuel]]
+
**Nehemiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|1 Samuel]]
+
**Tobit*
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|1 Kings]]
+
**Judith*
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)]]<ref name="septuagint">Names in brackets are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.</ref>
+
**Esther**
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|1 Kingdoms]]
+
**1 Maccabees
|-
+
**2 Maccabees
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|2 Samuel]]
+
*teaching books
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|2 Kings]]
+
**Job
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)]]<ref name="septuagint"/>
+
**Psalms
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Samuel|2 Kingdoms]]
+
**Proverbs
|-
+
**Ecclesiastes
| rowspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|Kings]]
+
**Song of Songs
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|1 Kings]]
+
**Wisdom*
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|3 Kings]]
+
**Ecclesiasticus (or Sirach)*
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)]]<ref name="septuagint"/>
+
*prophetic books
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|3 Kingdoms]]
+
**Isaiah
|-
+
**Jeremiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|2 Kings]]
+
**Lamentations
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|4 Kings]]
+
**Baruch*
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)]]<ref name="septuagint"/>
+
**Ezekiel
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Kings|4 Kingdoms]]
+
**Daniel**
|-
+
**Hosea
| rowspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | Chronicles<br>see below
+
**Joel
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|1 Chronicles]]
+
**Amos
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|1 Paralipomenon]]
+
**Obadiah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|1 Chronicles]]
+
**Jonah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|1 Chronicles]]
+
**Micah
|-
+
**Nahum
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|2 Chronicles]]
+
**Habakkuk
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|2 Paralipomenon]]
+
**Zephaniah
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|2 Chronicles]]
+
**Haggai
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Books of Chronicles|2 Chronicles]]
+
**Zechariah
|-
+
**Malachi
|
+
 
|
+
The Eastern Orthodox Church has never considered it important to define a definite canon of scripture. On the whole, it theoretically recognizes only the Protestant canon of the Old Testament as fully canonical inspired scripture, but other works are regarded as part of the scriptures and in practice treaed little differently. These include the works asterisked above and others, varying between branches: this too does not seem to be considered important.
|
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" valign="top" | [[1 Esdras]]<br>
+
| align="center" | (2 Esdras)*
+
|-
+
| rowspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | Ezra (includes Nehemiah)<br>see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ezra|Ezra]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ezra|1 Esdras]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ezra|Ezra (2 Esdras)]]<ref name="septuagint"/> <ref name="ezra">Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the [[Septuagint]] and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.</ref>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Ezra|Ezra]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Nehemiah|Nehemiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Nehemiah|2 Esdras]] (Nehemias)
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Nehemiah|Nehemiah (2 Esdras)]]<ref name="septuagint"/> <ref name="ezra"/>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Nehemiah|Nehemiah]]
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
|
+
| align="center" | (1 Esdras)*
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" valign="top" | [[1 Esdras|2 Esdras]]<br>
+
|-
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Tobit|Tobias]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Tobit|Tobit]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Tobit|Tobit]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judith|Judith]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judith|Judith]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Judith|Judith]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Esther|Esther]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Esther|Esther]]<ref name="esther">The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.</ref>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Esther|Esther]]<ref name="esther"/>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[Book of Esther|Esther]]<ref name="esther"/>
+
|-
+
| rowspan="4" |
+
| rowspan="4" |
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[1 Maccabees|1 Machabees]]<ref name="maccabees">The [[Latin Vulgate]] and the [[Douay-Rheims]] place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; modern Catholic translations place them after Esther.</ref>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[1 Maccabees]]
+
| align="center" | see below
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[2 Maccabees|2 Machabees]]<ref name="maccabees"/>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[2 Maccabees]]
+
| align="center" | see below
+
|-
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[3 Maccabees]]
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[4 Maccabees]]
+
|-
+
|
+
| colspan="4" rowspan="1" align="center"| ''Wisdom books''<br>
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Job|Job]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Job|Job]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Job|Job]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Job|Job]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Psalms]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Psalms]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Psalms]]<ref name="psalms">Eastern Orthodox churches include [[Psalm 151]], not present in all canons.</ref>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Psalms]]<ref name="psalms"/>
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
|
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Odes (Bible)|Odes]]<ref>The Book of Odes includes the [[Prayer of Manasseh]]. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Tanakhs.</ref>
+
|
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]]
+
      <!-- At least, that's what I think Притчи is, but I should check -->
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Ecclesiastes]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Ecclesiastes]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Ecclesiastes]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Ecclesiastes]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Song of Solomon]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Song of Solomon|Canticle of Canticles]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Song of Solomon]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Song of Solomon|Song of Songs]]
+
|-
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
| rowspan="2" |
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Wisdom|Wisdom]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Wisdom|Wisdom]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Book of Wisdom|Wisdom of Solomon]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Sirach|Ecclesiasticus]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Sirach]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99ff99" | [[Sirach]]
+
|- align="center"
+
|
+
| colspan="4" rowspan="1" | ''[[Major prophet]]s''
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Isaiah|Isaias]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Jeremiah|Jeremiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Jeremiah|Jeremiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Jeremiah|Jeremias]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Jeremiah|Jeremiah]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Jeremiah|Jeremiah]]
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Lamentations|Lamentations]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Lamentations|Lamentations]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Lamentations|Lamentations]]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Lamentations|Lamentations of Jeremiah]]
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
| *
+
| *
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Letter of Jeremiah]]
+
|-
+
| rowspan=2 |
+
| rowspan=2 |
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" rowspan=2 | [[Book of Baruch|Baruch]]<ref name="baruch">In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the [[Letter of Jeremiah]]. Baruch is not in the Protestant Tanakh.</ref>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Baruch|Baruch]]<ref name="baruch"/>
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Baruch|Baruch]]<ref name="baruch"/>
+
|-
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Letter of Jeremiah]]<ref>Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.</ref>
+
| *
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezekiel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezekiel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezechiel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezekiel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezekiel]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" | see below
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Daniel|Daniel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" | [[Book of Daniel|Daniel]]<ref name="daniel">In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. [[The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children]] are included between Daniel 3:23-24. [[Susanna (Book of Daniel)|Susanna]] is included as Daniel 13. [[Bel and the Dragon]] is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Tanakh.</ref>
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Daniel|Daniel]]<ref name="daniel"/>
+
| bgcolor="#ff99ff" valign="top" | [[Book of Daniel|Daniel]]<ref name="daniel"/>
+
|- align="center"
+
|
+
| colspan="4" rowspan="1" | ''[[Minor prophet]]s''
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" rowspan="12" colspan="1" | [[Minor prophet|The Twelve Prophets]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Hosea|Hosea]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Hosea|Osee]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Hosea|Hosea]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Hosea|Hosea]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Joel|Joel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Joel|Joel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Joel|Joel]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Joel|Joel]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Amos|Amos]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Amos|Amos]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Amos|Amos]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Amos|Amos]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Obadiah|Obadiah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Obadiah|Abdias]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Obadiah|Obadiah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Obadiah|Obadiah]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Jonah|Jonah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Jonah|Jonas]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Jonah|Jonah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Jonah|Jonah]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Micah|Micah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Micah|Micaeus]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Micah|Micah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Micah|Micah]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Nahum|Nahum]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Nahum|Nahum]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Nahum|Nahum]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Nahum|Nahum]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Habakkuk|Habakkuk]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Habakkuk|Habacuc]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Habakkuk|Habakkuk]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Habakkuk|Habakkuk]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zephaniah|Zephaniah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zephaniah|Sophonias]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zephaniah|Zephaniah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zephaniah|Zephaniah]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Haggai|Haggai]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Haggai|Aggaeus]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Haggai|Haggai]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Haggai|Haggai]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zechariah|Zechariah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zechariah|Zacharias]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zechariah|Zechariah]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Zechariah|Zechariah]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Malachi|Malachi]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Malachi|Malachias]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Malachi|Malachi]]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [[Book of Malachi|Malachi]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| ''[[Ketuvim]] or Writings''<ref>These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.</ref>
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Psalms]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Job|Job]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Song of Songs]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Ruth|Ruth]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Lamentations|Lamentations]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Ecclesiastes]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Esther|Esther]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Daniel|Daniel]]
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Book of Ezra|Ezra]] (includes [[Book of Nehemiah|Nehemiah]])
+
|- align="center"
+
| bgcolor="#ff6666" | [[Books of Chronicles|Chronicles]]
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
| align="center" | see above<ref name="maccabees"/>
+
|
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[1 Maccabees]]
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
| align="center" | see above<ref name="maccabees"/>
+
|
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [[2 Maccabees]]
+
|}
+
  
 
== New Testament ==
 
== New Testament ==

Revision as of 17:16, 7 November 2008

This article is developing and not approved.
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Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap.

Old Testament (including Tanakh)

The Tanakh, or Jewish scriptures, have the following standard arrangement.

  • the Law
    • Genesis
    • Exodus
    • Leviticus
    • Numbers
    • Deuteronomy
  • the Prophets
    • the Former Prophets
      • Joshua
      • Judges
      • Samuel
      • Kings
    • the Latter Prophets
      • Isaiah
      • Jeremiah
      • Ezekiel
      • the Twelve Prophets
        • Hosea
        • Joel
        • Amos
        • Obadiah
        • Jonah
        • Micah
        • Nahum
        • Habakkuk
        • Zephaniah
        • Haggai
        • Zechariah
        • Malachi
  • the Writings
    • Psalms
    • Proverbs
    • Job
    • the Five Rolls
      • Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon)
      • Ruth
      • Lamentations
      • Ecclesiastes
      • Esther
    • Daniel
    • Ezra (including Nehemiah)
    • Chronicles

The Protestant Old Testament is identical to the Tanakh in contents, but different in arrangement. The Roman Catholic Old Testament includes additional books (marked here with *) and passages in other books (marked with †).

  • historical books
    • Pentateuch
      • Genesis
      • Exodus
      • Leviticus
      • Numbers
      • Deuteronomy
    • Joshua
    • Judges
    • Ruth
    • Samuel (2 books)
    • Kings (2 books)
    • Chronicles (2 books)
    • Ezra
    • Nehemiah
    • Tobit*
    • Judith*
    • Esther**
    • 1 Maccabees
    • 2 Maccabees
  • teaching books
    • Job
    • Psalms
    • Proverbs
    • Ecclesiastes
    • Song of Songs
    • Wisdom*
    • Ecclesiasticus (or Sirach)*
  • prophetic books
    • Isaiah
    • Jeremiah
    • Lamentations
    • Baruch*
    • Ezekiel
    • Daniel**
    • Hosea
    • Joel
    • Amos
    • Obadiah
    • Jonah
    • Micah
    • Nahum
    • Habakkuk
    • Zephaniah
    • Haggai
    • Zechariah
    • Malachi

The Eastern Orthodox Church has never considered it important to define a definite canon of scripture. On the whole, it theoretically recognizes only the Protestant canon of the Old Testament as fully canonical inspired scripture, but other works are regarded as part of the scriptures and in practice treaed little differently. These include the works asterisked above and others, varying between branches: this too does not seem to be considered important.

New Testament

In general, among Christian groups the New Testament canon is agreed-upon, although book order can vary.

Catholic, most Protestant,

almost all Orthodox

Luther Bible Slavonic Bible
The Gospels
Matthew Matthew Matthew
Mark Mark Mark
Luke Luke Luke
John John John
The History
Acts Acts Acts
The Pauline epistles The Pauline epistles The General epistles
Romans Romans James
1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 1 Peter
2 Corinthians 2 Corinthians 2 Peter
Galatians Galatians 1 John
Ephesians Ephesians 2 John
Philippians Philippians 3 John
Colossians Colossians Jude
1 Thessalonians 1 Thessalonians The Pauline epistles
2 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians Romans
1 Timothy 1 Timothy 1 Corinthians
2 Timothy 2 Timothy 2 Corinthians
Titus Titus Galatians
Philemon Philemon Ephesians
The General epistles The General epistles Philippians
Hebrews 1 Peter Colossians
James 2 Peter 1 Thessalonians
1 Peter 1 John 2 Thessalonians
2 Peter 2 John 1 Timothy
1 John 3 John 2 Timothy
2 John Books questioned by Luther Titus
3 John Hebrews Philemon
Jude James Hebrews
Apocalypse Jude Apocalypse
Revelation of Christ to John Revelation of Christ to John Revelation of Christ to John

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its canon: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, and some uniquely Ethiopian books. There is a matter of some controversy as to what constitutes "canon" in this religious body. The Peshitta excludes 2-3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation, but Bibles of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church includes later translations of those books. Third Epistle to the Corinthians was once considered part of the Armenian Orthodox Bible.

See also

Notes

Return links: Tanakh/TanakhNew Testament

External links