NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Difference between revisions of "Books of the Bible"

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
(External links)
Line 502: Line 502:
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.staycatholic.com/the_canon_of_scripture.htm The Canon of Scripture – a Catholic perspective]
 
* [http://www.staycatholic.com/the_canon_of_scripture.htm The Canon of Scripture – a Catholic perspective]
 +
* [http://www.teachinghearts.org/dre02biblenotes.html] Bible Prophecy and History –an Evanglelical perspective]
 
* [http://www.breslov.com/bible/ The Tanakh at Breslov.com ] - Masoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan translations.
 
* [http://www.breslov.com/bible/ The Tanakh at Breslov.com ] - Masoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan translations.
 
* [http://www.plymouthbrethren.org/passage.asp Articles on Various Books from Biblical Resource Database]
 
* [http://www.plymouthbrethren.org/passage.asp Articles on Various Books from Biblical Resource Database]

Revision as of 01:16, 24 June 2007

Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap. A table comparing the canons of these denominations appears below, for both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. For a detailed discussion of the differences, see "Biblical canon".

The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have minor differences in their lists of accepted books. The list given here for these churches is the most inclusive: if at least one Eastern church accepts the book, it is included here. The books included by the Roman Catholic Church are universally included in the Eastern canons. Books of the Bible are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox Christians, although there is overlap. A table comparing the canons of these denominations appears below, for both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. For a detailed discussion of the differences, see "Biblical canon".

The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have minor differences in their lists of accepted books. The list given here for these churches is the most inclusive: if at least one Eastern church accepts the book, it is included here. The books included by the Roman Catholic Church are universally included in the Eastern canons.

Tanakh

A table cell with an asterisk (*) indicates that a book is present but in a different order. Empty cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon; such books are often called apocrypha, a term that is sometimes used specifically (and possibly pejoratively) to describe the books in the Catholic canon that are absent from the Protestant Bible; Catholics describe these books as deuterocanonical.

Tanakh
Protestant Old Testament Catholic Old Testament Eastern Orthodox Old Testament Slavonic Old Testament
Torah or Pentateuch
Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy
Nevi'im or Prophets
Historical books
Joshua Joshua Josue Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges Judges Judges
see below Ruth Ruth Ruth Ruth
Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)[1] 1 Kingdoms
2 Samuel 2 Kings 2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)[1] 2 Kingdoms
Kings 1 Kings 3 Kings 1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)[1] 3 Kingdoms
2 Kings 4 Kings 2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)[1] 4 Kingdoms
Chronicles
see below
1 Chronicles 1 Paralipomenon 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles 2 Paralipomenon 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
1 Esdras
(2 Esdras)*
Ezra (includes Nehemiah)
see below
Ezra 1 Esdras Ezra (2 Esdras)[1] [2] Ezra
Nehemiah 2 Esdras (Nehemias) Nehemiah (2 Esdras)[1] [2] Nehemiah
(1 Esdras)* 2 Esdras
Tobias Tobit Tobit
Judith Judith Judith
see below Esther Esther[3] Esther[3] Esther[3]
1 Machabees[4] 1 Maccabees see below
2 Machabees[4] 2 Maccabees see below
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
Wisdom books
see below Job Job Job Job
see below Psalms Psalms Psalms[5] Psalms[5]
Odes[6]
see below Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs
see below Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
see below Song of Solomon Canticle of Canticles Song of Solomon Song of Songs
Wisdom Wisdom Wisdom of Solomon
Ecclesiasticus Sirach Sirach
Major prophets
Isaiah Isaiah Isaias Isaiah Isaiah
Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremias Jeremiah Jeremiah
see below Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations of Jeremiah
* * Letter of Jeremiah
Baruch[7] Baruch[7] Baruch[7]
Letter of Jeremiah[8] *
Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezechiel Ezekiel Ezekiel
see below Daniel Daniel[9] Daniel[9] Daniel[9]
Minor prophets
The Twelve Prophets Hosea Osee Hosea Hosea
Joel Joel Joel Joel
Amos Amos Amos Amos
Obadiah Abdias Obadiah Obadiah
Jonah Jonas Jonah Jonah
Micah Micaeus Micah Micah
Nahum Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk Habacuc Habakkuk Habakkuk
Zephaniah Sophonias Zephaniah Zephaniah
Haggai Aggaeus Haggai Haggai
Zechariah Zacharias Zechariah Zechariah
Malachi Malachias Malachi Malachi
Ketuvim or Writings[10]
Psalms
Proverbs
Job
Song of Songs
Ruth
Lamentations
Ecclesiastes
Esther
Daniel
Ezra (includes Nehemiah)
Chronicles
see above[4] 1 Maccabees
see above[4] 2 Maccabees


New Testament

In general, among Christian groups the New Testament canon is agreed-upon, although book order can vary.

Catholic, most Protestant,

almost all Orthodox

Luther Bible Slavonic Bible
The Gospels
Matthew Matthew Matthew
Mark Mark Mark
Luke Luke Luke
John John John
The History
Acts Acts Acts
The Pauline epistles The Pauline epistles The General epistles
Romans Romans James
1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 1 Peter
2 Corinthians 2 Corinthians 2 Peter
Galatians Galatians 1 John
Ephesians Ephesians 2 John
Philippians Philippians 3 John
Colossians Colossians Jude
1 Thessalonians 1 Thessalonians The Pauline epistles
2 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians Romans
1 Timothy 1 Timothy 1 Corinthians
2 Timothy 2 Timothy 2 Corinthians
Titus Titus Galatians
Philemon Philemon Ephesians
The General epistles The General epistles Philippians
Hebrews 1 Peter Colossians
James 2 Peter 1 Thessalonians
1 Peter 1 John 2 Thessalonians
2 Peter 2 John 1 Timothy
1 John 3 John 2 Timothy
2 John Books questioned by Luther Titus
3 John Hebrews Philemon
Jude James Hebrews
Apocalypse Jude Apocalypse
Revelation of Christ to John Revelation of Christ to John Revelation of Christ to John

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its canon: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, and some uniquely Ethiopian books. There is a matter of some controversy as to what constitutes "canon" in this religious body. The Peshitta excludes 2-3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation, but Bibles of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church includes later translations of those books. Third Epistle to the Corinthians was once considered part of the Armenian Orthodox Bible.

See also

Notes

Return links: Tanakh/TanakhNew Testament

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Names in brackets are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; modern Catholic translations place them after Esther.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151, not present in all canons.
  6. The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Tanakhs.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Tanakh.
  8. Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Tanakh.
  10. These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.

External links