From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Yorktown-class: World War II three-ship class of aircraft carriers, purpose-built under treaty restrictions and generally too small for major fleet use
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- Aircraft carrier : A warship designed to launch and recover combat aircraft and aircraft that support military operations
- Second World War : Alternative term for World War II.
- USS Yorktown (CV-5) : U.S. aircraft carrier of the Yorktown-class; commissioned in September 1937; sunk at the Battle of Midway, 7 June 1942
- Battle of Midway : Generally considered to be the turning point of the Pacific Theater in the Second World War, a Japanese force intending to capture Midway Island was turned back with the loss of four aircraft carriers, at the cost of one U.S. carrier; it was the last major Japanese offensive of the war
- USS Enterprise (CV-6) : Yorktown-class U.S. aircraft carrier; commissioned in May 1938; served through the Second World War; scrapped 1958
- USS Hornet (CV-8) : U.S. Yorktown-class aircraft carrier; commissioned in October 1941; participated in Doolittle Raid and Battle of Midway; sunk at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in November 1942
- Doolittle Raid : The first U.S. offensive operation in the Pacific during the Second World War.
- Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands : October 1942 battle between U.S. and Japanese carrier forces supporting operations on Guadalcanal; U.S. lost more ships but Japan lost more aircraft; helped hold back Japanese land attack